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BEC高级模拟试题考前必做(二)

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  Read the text about career-planning services.

  Choose the best sentence from the opposite page to fill each of the gaps .

  For each gap 9– 14, mark one letter (A-H) on your Answer Sheet .

  Do not use any letter more than once .

  There is an example at the beginning .(0)

  Your Career Path Can Lead You Anywhere

  We used to be advised to plan our careers. We were told to make a plan during the later stages of our education and continue with it through our working lives.(0)_____ some people still see careers in this way. However, to pursue a single option for life has always been unrealistic.

  Planning for a single career assumes that we set out with a full understanding of our likes and dislikes and the employment opportunities open to us. (9)____ For most people this degree of certainty about the future does not exist.

  Our initial choice of career path and employer is often based on inadequate knowledge and false perceptions. But with age and experience, we develop new interests and aptitudes and our priorities alter. The structure of the employment market and, indeed of employment itself, is subject to change as both new technologies and new work systems are introduced (10) _____ We must face the uncertainties of a portfolio career.

  It is clear from the recent past that we cannot foresee the changes which will affect our working lives. The pace of change is accelerating , as a result of which traditional career plans will be of very limited use. (11)_____ They will need updating to reflect changes in our own interests as well as in the external work environment. Flexible workers already account for about half the workforce. (12)______ We are likely to face periods as contract workers, self-employed freelances, consultants, temps or part-timers.

  Many employers encourage staff to write a personal development development (PDP) (13)_____ Although some people use it only to review the skills needed for their job, a PDP could be the nucleus of wider career plan –setting out alternative long-term learning needs and a plan of self-development.

  A report issued by the Institute of Employment Studies advises people to enhance their employability by moving from traditional technical skills towards the attainment of a range of transferable skills. (14)_____ Instead, special schemes should be established to encourage people to examine their effectiveness and to consider a wider range of needs.

  0 A B C D E F G H

  A This dual effect means that the relationship between employers and workers has evolved to such and extent that we can no longer expect a long-term relationship with one employer.

  B. It carries an implicit assumption that we ourselves, and the jobs we enter, will change little during our working lives.

  C. This growth suggests that a career plan should not be expressed only in terms of full-time employment but should make provision for the possibility of becoming one of the.

  D this is a summary of one’s personal learning needs and an action plan to meet them.

  E Consequently, they must now accommodate a number of objectives and enable us to prepare for each on a contingency basis.

  F However, it warns that employers often identify training needs through formal appraisals, which take too narrow a view of development.

  G . Such a freelance of consultant would be constantly in demand.

  H We were expected to work towards that one clear goal and to consider a career change as a bad thing.

  答案:9 B 10 A 11E 12C 13D 14F

  9.本段是说在职业生涯中设立一个单独的目标的影响。而且首段也说了assume,根据前后文,应该选择B。

  10.本段说了一些不确定的因素来说明在职业生涯中一直追求一个目标不切实际。而空白前面说的是就业市场结构,new technologies和new work systems这双重影响,之后说了在一个公司待着不现实,那么中间选择A。

  11.空白前面讲传统的职业规划用途有限,后面将需要升级和更新来适应我们的兴趣和外部工作环境的变化。E.相应的,职业规划也应该顺应这种变化。

  12.前面讲了Flexible workers占所有劳动力的一半,后面又说了我们可能会面临**职业,顾问,或者兼职工作。那么中间的空白部分肯定讲工作形式的问题。

  13.D。前面讲到PDP,后面肯定要对其进行说明。

  14.F。这段主要讲了人们怎样评测自己的能力和工作有效性以及怎样提高的问题。空白部分后是转折,那么空白部分应该是和其相反的。


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