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高职高考英语:易错常考的日常交际用语

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导读: 易错常考的日常交际用语

       1. 问候和应答

  A: How are you doing? B: Fine, thank you. / Just so-so.

  A: Please remember me to your parents. B: Sure, I will.

  2. 介绍和应答

  A: This is Mr./ Mrs./ Miss/ Ms Brown. B: Hello!/ How do you do ?/ Nice to meet you!

  3. 告别

  See you (later)! / Good night!( cf. Good evening!)/ Nice seeing you.

  4. 感谢和应答

  A: Many thanks!/ Thanks for your help!/ I appreciate your help!

  B: That’s all right (OK). / You are welcome./ Don’t mention it./ It’s a pleasure./ My pleasure.

  (cf. With pleasure. 用于回答对方的求助、邀请)

  5. 道歉和应答

  A: I’ m sorry.

  B: That’s all right (OK.). / It doesn’t matter./ Never mind./ That’s nothing./ Forget it.

  6. 邀请和应答

  A: Would you like to...?

  B: Yes, I'd love to. / Yes, with pleasure./ Yes, it's very kind ( nice )of you. / I'd love to, but I have other plans.

  7. 请求允许和应答

  A: Could I smoke here? / I wonder if I could smoke here.

  B: Yes (Certainly). / Yes, do please. / Of course you may. / That's OK (all right). / I'm sorry, but it is not allowed / You'd better not.

  A: Do you mind if I open the window?

  B: Not at all./ Of course not./ Certainly not./ I’m sorry, but you’d better not.

  8. 祝愿、祝贺和应答

  A: Good luck! / Best wishes to you. / Have a nice / good time. / Congratulations! / Have a good journey.!

  B: Thank you.

  A: Happy New Year! / Merry Christmas! / Happy birthday to you.

  B: The same to you.

  9. 提供帮助和应答

  A: Can I help you? / Would you like some help?

  B: Thanks. That would be nice / Yes, please. / No, thank you all (just) the same. / No, thank you anyway./ That's very kind of you, but I can manage it myself.

  A: What can I do for you? B: I’d like to go to the No. 3 Middle School.

  10. 约会

  A: Shall we meet at 4:30 ? / Let’s make it 4:00. B: All right. See you then.

  11. 打电话

  A: Hello! May I speak to Tom? B: Hold on, please.

  A: Is that Mary speaking? B: She isn't here right now. Can I take a message for you?

  12.就餐

  A: Would you like some more meat? / Help yourself to some more meat.

  B: Thank you. I've had enough. / Just a little, please.

  13. 看病

  A: What’s the matter? / What seems to be the trouble?

  B: I don’t feel like eating./ I've got a cough. / I feel terrible (bad). / I don't feel well. / I've got a pain here. / It hurts here.

  14. 购物

  A: What can I do for you? / May (Can I )help you? B: I'd like to buy a dictionary.

  A: How about this one? B: That's fine. I'll take it.

  15. 问路和应答

  A: Excuse me. Where's the washroom? / Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the post office?

  B: Go down this street. Turn right / left at the second crossing.

  Sorry, I don’t know. I am a stranger here.

  16. 谈论天气

  A: What's the weather like today? / How's the weather in Beijing?

  B: It's fine / cloudy / windy / rainy, etc. / It's rather warm (cold / hot). today, isn't it?

  17. 处理交际中的障碍

  Pardon.! / I beg your pardon. / Please say that again( more slowly.) What do you mean by…. ? / I'm sorry I can't follow you.

  18. 提醒注意

  You can’t ( mustn’t) smoke here. / No smoking!/ Wet paint!/ Mind your head (step) /

  Take care!/ Be careful!/ Look out!

  19. 同意和不同意

  Certainly / Sure / Of course. / Yes, please. / That's a good idea. / I agree

  No, I don't think so. / I'm afraid not. / I really can't agree with you. / No way (决不,没门)

  20 时间或日期和应答

  A: What time is it now? / What's the time? B: It's about three.

  A: What day is it today? B: It's Wednesday.

  A: Excuse me. Have you got the time? B: Yes, it's six twenty.

  考点二十:非谓语动词

  在英语中,不作句子谓语,而具有除谓语外其他语法功能的动词,叫做非谓语动词。非谓语动词有doing;done;to do.

  (一)动词不定式:(to)+do,具有名词、形容词、副词的特征。

  1.不定式的形式:

  否定式:not + (to) do

  (1)一般式:不定式的一般式所表示的动作与谓语动词动作同时发生或发生在谓语动词动作之后,

  He wants to be an artist.

  The patient asked to be operated on at once.

  The teacher ordered the work to be done.

  (2)进行式:不定式的进行式所表示的动作与谓语动词动作同时发生,例如:

  The boy pretended to be working hard.

  He seems to be reading in his room.

  (3)完成式:不定式的完成式表示的动作发生在谓语动词动作之前,例如:

  He is pleased to have met his friend.

 

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