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2019年成人高考高起点《英语》检测试题及答案(二)

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  一、语音知识(共5题;每题1分,共5分)

  在下列每组词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他的单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词。

  1. A. shirt B. bird C. third D. fair

  2. A. brake B. plate C. mad D. shake

  3. A. touch B. technique C. punch D. arch

  4. A. guard B. knowledge C. big D. gate

  5. A. exit B. expect C. expert D. extra

  二、词汇与语法知识 (共30题;每题1.5分,共45分)

  从每题的四个选项中,选出最佳的一项。

  6. I haven’t seen people in one place.

  A. so much B. so much of C. so many D. this many of

  7. You take your car, and we’ll take .

  A. our B. ours C. we D. us

  8. I watched TV, and my homework last night.

  A. made B. done C. do D. did

  9. The sports meeting in August last year.

  A. was held B. would be held C. has been held D. were held

  10. You smoke any more. It will make you sick.

  A. shouldn’t B. can’t C. don’t have D. wouldn’t

  11. To his great , his son failed the examination again.

  A. impatience B. disappointment C. promotion D. excitement

  12. You can take both the apple the orange.

  A. as well as B. as well C. and D. or

  13. to finish the book.

  A. He spent a week B. It took him a week

  C. It cost him a week D. He used a week

  14. He is old work.

  A. too…to… B. too…for… C. either…or… D. not…to…

  15. The sun in the east and sets in the west.

  A. goes B. comes C. arises D. rises

  16. It is unwise to give children they want.

  A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever

  17. I exchange my camera his watch.

  A. with B. from C. for D. to

  18. Japanese is a difficult language to .

  A. catch B. hold C. grab D. master

  19. What he says true.

  A. hears B. sounds C. looks D. appears

  20. He divided the food the children.

  A. to B. from C. into D. among

  21. I am interested in you have told me.

  A. which B. all that C. all what D. that

  22. My books are much than those of yours.

  A. less B. little C. few D. fewer

  23. If a student is , he is always asking questions.

  A. difficult B. curious C. shy D. strange

  24. No sooner had we reached the top of the hill we all sat down to rest.

  A. when B. then C. than D. until

  25. If letters arrive for me, can you send to this address?.

  A. no B. some C. some more D. any

  26. The news was convincing that all the people believe it.

  A. quite B. such C. so D. too

  27. Have they enough stress on that point?

  A. lain B. laid C. lied D. lay

  28. Only once Hangzhou.

  A. has he visited B. he has visited C. did he visited D. he visited

  29. The dictionary me five dollars.

  A. is cost B. was cost C. costs D. have been cost

  30. China today is not it was yesterday.

  A. that B. why C. how D. what

  31. I will never forget the years I spent in Nanjing.

  A. that B. in which C. when D. those

  32. Many a man sacrificed life for the wild life protection.

  A. have…his… B. has…his… C. has…their… D. have…their…

  33. The flag is now.

  A. risen B. being rose C. being raised D. arisen

  34. John likes the car makes no difference to me.

  A. Whether B. If C. Which D. What

  35. You had better your hair cut.

  A. had B. to get C. have D. to have

  三、完型填空(共20题;每题1.5分,共30分)

  通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从每题的四个选项中选出可以填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

  People 36 the age of sixty-five in the United States are called senior citizens. Life for these people is different from that 37 younger Americans. 38 senior citizens retire or no longer work full time. Also, it is 39 for people of this age to live with their children and grandchildren.

  For many senior citizens, the years after sixty-five are not 40 . They feel that their lives lose meaning after retirement. In 41 , they may feel lonely 42 away from their families and the 43 they had in their work. 44 , they become more worried about their health as they grow older, and 45 their safety if they live in big cities. 46 senior citizens enjoy their lives. They feel free to do what they 47 not able to 48 they were working and 49 families. They now have time to enjoy 50 and sports and travel. The 51 of senior citizens in the United States is increasing rapidly because people are living longer than before. 52 of their larger numbers and more active life styles, senior citizens are 53 social influence in the country. The time 54 come all Americans will look 55 to becoming senior citizens.

  36. A. of B. over C. on D. at

  37. A. of B. in C. to D. with

  38. A. All B. Most C. Few D. No

  39. A. normal B. typical C. common D. unusual

  40. A. miserable B. excited C. enjoyable D. pitiful

  41. A. addition B. part C. case D. time

  42. A. are B. being C. been D. be

  43. A. joins B. relations C. contacts D. all

  44. A. However B. Moreover C. Therefore D. Otherwise

  45. A. in B. without C. for D. about

  46. A. Other B. Less C. Another D. Many

  47. A. do B. are C. were D. can

  48. A. when B. before C. after D. until

  49. A. growing B. raising C. bringing D. caring

  50. A. habits B. habit C. hobbies D. hobby

  51. A. age B. life C. number D. world

  52. A. Because B. Despite C. With D. Except

  53. A. putting B. finding C. winning D. gaining

  54. A. can B. may C. must D. should

  55. A. in B. down C. forward D. up

  四、阅读理解(共15题,每题3分,共45分)

  阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每题的四个选项中选出最佳的一项。

  Passage 1

  There are millions of pain nerves in the body, and when any of them are even slightly disturbed, they flash a pain impulse to the brain. The brain weighs this message, evaluates it in terms of so much pain or discomfort. When a state of tension exists, it causes the brain to overvalue pain impulses --- thus causing you to feel far more uncomfortable than you otherwise would. On the other hand, when you are relaxed, pain messages tend to be evaluated on a much lower scale. Tests show that up to 75 percent of the pain (or disagreeable sensation) which exists when a person is tense vanishes entirely when he relaxes.

  56. The author of this passage is most interested in telling us about _______.

  A. the result of tests carried out on tense persons

  B. the way the pain nerves work

  C. the relationship of the brain to the pain feeling

  D. the effect of tension on comfort or discomfort

  57. The main idea of the passage is that ________.

  A. the brain evaluates each pain signal in terms of so much pain or discomfort

  B. the brain evaluates a pain impulse in accordance with the degree of tension in the body

  C. tests show that up to 75 percent of pain which exists when a person is tense vanishes when he relaxes

  D. the millions of pain nerves in the body are each able to flash a pain message to the brain when even slightly disturbed

  58. To reduce pain, it would be probably best to _______.

  A. evaluate pain messages on a lower scale

  B. build up tension in your body

  C. learn to relax

  D. increase your sense of mental well-being

  59. We can conclude from the passage that a person s feeling of discomfort _______.

  A. is the result of bodily states beyond his control

  B. is controlled by his brain and thus is beyond his influence

  C. is influenced by his mental and emotional state

  D. depends on how the individual evaluates it

  60. When people relax, _______.

  A. pain messages tend to be evaluated on a much lower scale

  B. pain nerves are slightly disturbed

  C. they feel far more uncomfortable

  D. the pain still exists

  Passage 2

  There are many ways of putting out a fire. You may have seen people put out burning cigarettes by stepping on them. Stepping on a burning cigarette shuts off the air and puts out the fire. Many fires are put out with water. Water cools the material that is burning. It helps smoother a fire, too. Some of the water is changed into steam when it strikes the hot fire. The steam shots off air from the fire and helps put it out.

  Some fires cannot be put out with water. They have to be smothered with sand or with chemicals of some kind, such as those used in some fire extinguishers. Suppose a tank full of gasoline is on fire. Gasoline is lighter than water. If you poured water into the tank of gasoline, the water would sink to the bottom of the tank. The gasoline would float on top of the water and would probably keep on burning. If you keep on putting water on the fire, the gasoline would flow over the edge of the tank. Then the fire would spread.

  61. What are the major ways of putting out fires as mentioned in the passage?

  A. With water and sand and chemicals.

  B. With water and sand and steam.

  C. With water and steam.

  D. With water and materials and chemicals.

  62. Water can put out a fire because .

  A. water is cold and cool

  B. water is the only way to put out a fire

  C. water cools the material on fire and the steam shuts off air

  D. water can be changed into steam

  63. Gasoline fires cannot be put out with .

  A. sand B. water C. chemicals D. extinguisher

  64. If you put water into the tank of gasoline, .

  A. gasoline would sink to the bottom of the tank

  B. gasoline would be mixed with water

  C. water would float on the top of gasoline

  D. water would not be mixed with gasoline

  65. The best title of the passage would be .

  A. Water and Fire B. How to Put Out a Fire

  C. Gasoline on Fire D. Why Can Water Put Out Fire

  Passage 3

  Just a few years ago, women had to choose between a higher education and having a family. Naturally this was a very difficult choice. But now, many young men in countries like Kuwait want to marry educated women, and it is no disadvantage to a woman to be educated. Here marriage prospects may, in fact, be improved. However, she still may not be able to have a career after her marriage, particularly after children are born. This custom may change too before long as more and more educated women marry and have families. Women may demand to have careers. Also, developing countries may want to encourage all educated people, men and women, to contribute to the workforce. These countries may regard educated women as a rich natural resource.

  66. A few years ago, women in Kuwait .

  A. could get married even if they wanted to get higher education

  B. could not get married if they wanted to get higher education

  C. could not get higher education if they wanted to get married

  D. both B and C

  67. Nowadays in countries like Kuwait, men like to marry .

  A. uneducated women

  B. career women

  C. educated women

  D. wealthy women

  68. As a custom in Kuwait, women may .

  A. take up a profession after their marriage

  B. take up a profession only after they have had children

  C. take up a profession even if they have had children

  D. be educated but can only be housewives after marriage

  69. Now more and more women in Kuwait .

  A. both have education and a family

  B. have their own career

  C. have got rid of the traditional custom

  D. all of the above

  70. The main idea of this passage is .

  A. women should not have a family if they want to get education

  B. women should play a minor part in society

  C. times are changing and Kuwait women are gradually regarded as a rich natural resource

  D. getting education and having a job are not so important for women

  Answers:

  一. 语音知识

  1—5 D C B B B

  二. 词汇与语法知识

  6—10 C B D A A

  11—15 B C B A D

  16—20 B C D B D

  21—25 B D B C D

  26—30 C B A C D

  31—35 A B C A C

  三. 完型填空

  36—40 B A B D C

  41—45 A B C B D

  46—50 A C A B C

  51—55 C A D B C

  四. 阅读理解

  56—60 D B C C A 61—65 A C B C B 66—70 D C D D C


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