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2019年成人高考高起点《英语》检测试题及答案(一)

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  一、语音知识(共5题;每题1分,共5分)

  在下列每组词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他的单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词。

  1. A. flower B. know C. flow D. window

  2. A. bench B. charge C. speech D. chemistry

  3. A. full B. luck C. cup D. stuff

  4. A. station B. dictation C. question D. liberation

  5. A. side B. idea C. five D. lid

  二、词汇与语法知识 (共30题;每题1.5分,共45分)

  从每题的四个选项中,选出最佳的一项。

  6. He used to have a of stamp-collecting.

  A. habit B. hobby C. custom D. like

  7. If she , tell her I will call her back when I return.

  A. calls B. will call C. is going to call D. called

  8. He kept me for many hours.

  A. to wait B. wait C. waited D. waiting

  9. I had difficulty your home.

  A. to find B. finding C. for finding D. of finding

  10. There was no sound now the cracking of small pieces of wood.

  A. in addition to B. along with C. except for D. in spite of

  11. Let me know if any problems .

  A. arise B. find C. come D. happen

  12. What terrible weather.

  A. the B. a C. / D. an

  13. Peter for a job for a month, but he hasn’t found any.

  A. has been looking B. was looking C. will be looking D. is looking

  14. Have you been to Canada in your life?

  A. always B. ever C. already D. yet

  15. We have been here two months.

  A. between B. for C. from D. in

  16. The bus was by thick fog.

  A. broken off B. kept up C. held up D. put forward

  17. his wealth, he is no happy.

  A. Except for B. Besides C. Because of D. In spite of

  18. Not until darkness fell he hadn’t done half of his work.

  A. that he realized B. that he didn’t realize C. did he realize D. didn’t he realize

  19. I hope I didn’t cause you .

  A. too much problems B. many more trouble C. problem D. too much trouble

  20. You haven’t had dinner yet, ?

  A. have you B. had you C. do you D. don’t you

  21. All planes before departure.

  A. will checked B. will be checked C. will have checked D. will been checked

  22. Look! The light is out in her room. She to bed already.

  A. must go B. had to go C. must have gone D. has gone

  23. They hurried so that they not miss the train.

  A. would B. should C. ought D. could

  24. You should not try to while others are talking.

  A. interrupt B. deliver C. extend D. pretend

  25. Is it all you want?

  A. what B. that C. thing D. which

  26. Out of work for a long time, they poverty.

  A. fall into B. fell C. fell into D. fell in

  27. He is very confident himself.

  A. in B. on C. to D. of

  28. I’m not used to in public.

  A. spoken B. speak C. spoke D. speaking

  29. The speaker raised his voice to make himself .

  A. hearing B. to hear C. heard D. be heard

  30. Did you that book from the library?

  A. beg B. borrow C. hire D. lend

  31. None of you like the idea, ?

  A. didn’t you B. don’t you C. do you D. wasn’t you

  32. was decided that two of you would be sent to Paris.

  A. It B. That C. What D. Which

  33. The doctor suggests for a few days.

  A. that he is resting B. his resting C. him to rest D. that he rest

  34. Try your best, you’ll certainly succeed this time.

  A. so B. and C. or D. for

  35. When , do as Romans do.

  A. in Rome B. he is in Rome C. is in Rome D. you in Rome

  三、完型填空(共20题;每题1.5分,共30分)

  通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从每题的四个选项中选出可以填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

  In traditional education, the teacher may feel that the students are not very grown up. 36 , teachers are older than students, 37 teachers feel that students are 38 and do not know very much about the 39 . The teachers feel that they must tell the students 40 to do most of the time, and that they must also 41 the students study specific things. In 42 education, the teacher’s 43 are very different. These teachers feel that the students are 44 first, and students second. They 45 the students to be responsible 46 the things that they do, just as adults 47 . A student’s ideas and feelings are just as important as the 48 . The teacher 49 the students to decide 50 they want to do, and does not make them study what they do not want 51 . The teacher 52 them decide what to study and how 53 to study. It’s very important for the teacher to 54 how he or she feels 55 the students.

  36. A. Usually B. Indeed C. Not D. Actually

  37. A. and B. however C. still D. yet

  38. A. older B. young C. youngest D. old

  39. A. universe B. culture C. world D. civilization

  40. A. that B. what C. how D. which

  41. A. force B. ask C. order D. make

  42. A. open B. higher C. strict D. private

  43. A. feelings B. interests C. methods D. ways

  44. A. beginners B. individuals C. learners D. human beings

  45. A. like B. hope C. except D. help

  46. A. in B. for C. to D. with

  47. A. are B. do C. will D. would

  48. A. teacher B. teachers C. teacher’s D. teachers’

  49. A. allows B. makes C. lets D. directs

  50. A. what B. that C. how D. which

  51. A. for B. to C. about D. of

  52. A. allows B. permits C. lets D. expects

  53. A. much B. well C. hard D. simple

  54. A. tell B. show C. point D. say

  55. A. with B. about C. on D. for

  四、阅读理解(共15题,每题3分,共45分)

  阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每题的四个选项中选出最佳的一项。

  Passage 1

  Although the United States covers so much land and the land produces far more food than the present population needs, its people are by now almost entirely an urban society. Less than a tenth of the people are engaged in agriculture and forestry (林业), and most of the rest live in or around towns, small and large. Here the traditional picture is changing: every small town may still be very like other small towns, and the typical small town may represent a widely accepted view of the country, but most Americans do not live in small towns any more. Half the population now lives in some thirty metropolitan areas (large cities with their suburbs) of more than a million people each --- a larger proportion than in Germany or England, let alone France. The statistics (统计) of urban and rural population should be treated with caution because so many people who live in areas classified as rural travel by car to work in a nearby town each day. As the rush to live out of town continues, rural areas within reach of towns are gradually filled with houses, so that it is hard to say at what moment a piece of country becomes a suburb. But more and more the typical American lives in a metropolitan rather than a small town environment.

  56. If now America has 250 million people, how many of them are engaged in agriculture and forestry?

  A. About 25 million. B. More than 25 million.

  C. Less than 25 million. D. Less than 225 million.

  57. Which of the following four countries has the smallest proportion of people living in metropolitan areas?

  A. United States. B. Germany. C. France. D. England.

  58. What’s the meaning of the word “metropolitan” in the middle of the passage?

  A. Of a large city with its suburbs.

  B. Of small and large towns.

  C. Of urban areas.

  D. Of rural areas.

  59. According to the passage, what can we learn about small towns in the United States?

  A. Most small towns become gradually crowded.

  B. Small towns are still similar to each other.

  C. As the traditional picture is changing, towns are different.

  D. Small towns are turning into large cities.

  60. Why is it hard to say when a piece of country becomes a suburb?

  A. Because they are the same.

  B. Because the rush takes place too quickly.

  C. Because the process is gradual.

  D. Because more and more Americans live in metropolitan areas.

  Passage 2

  We have just climbed out of a spaceship onto the surface of the moon. Behind us is the ship, half in the sunlight and half in deep shadow. A few miles ahead is a wall mountains towering against the black sky. And there, as though resting on the mountains, is a great ball of light, beautifully colored in blue and green and brown with a patch of dazzling white at the top. It is our own faraway world --- the earth.

  We take a step and rise like prize jumpers --- up float, and down again. Hopping carefully, we explore the valleys, the sloping crater walls, the shadowy crater floors. Not a sound can be heard --- there is no air to carry sound, no wind; there are no smells, no plants, no animals. There is nothing but rock and dust, blinding sunlight and cold black shadows.

  61. This passage is written as though .

  A. you were on the earth

  B. the writer were on the earth looking at the moon

  C. the writer were on the moon

  D. you were on the moon with the author

  62. The ball above the mountains is .

  A. the sun B. the earth

  C. a man-made satellite D. the spaceship

  63. To get around on the moon, man would have to .

  A. float through the air B. hop carefully

  C. walk heavily D. ride in a spaceship

  64. The moon is a silent world because it lacks .

  A. animals B. air

  C. human beings D. both A and B

  65. In exploring the moon’s surface, you would not find .

  A. blinding sunlight B. bushes and flowers

  C. craters and valleys D. rocks and dust

  Passage 3

  In order to learn a foreign language well, it is necessary to overcome the fear of making mistakes. If the primary goal of language use is communication, then mistakes are secondary considerations that may be dealt with gradually as awareness of those mistakes increases. On the other hand, students shouldn’t ignore their mistakes. The language learner may observe how native speakers express themselves, and in what way native expressions differ from the way the learner might say them. For example, a Spanish speaker who has been saying “I do it” to express willingness to do something in the immediate future, could, by interacting (交流) with native speakers of English, observe that native speakers actually say “I’ll do it”. The resulting difference can serve as a basis for the student to change his way of using the present tense in English. But a student who is unwilling to interact in the first place would lose this opportunity to learn by trial and error.

  66. According to the passage, the present tense in English is .

  A. not used to express a desire to do something in the immediate future

  B. used with some verbs but not with others to express future intention

  C. basically the same in English as it is in Spanish

  D. no the most difficult problem for foreign students

  67. According to the passage, language learners can reduce the number of their mistakes by .

  A. asking native speakers for explanations

  B. reading good books in the foreign language

  C. comparing their speech with that of native speakers’

  D. speaking without regard to native speakers

  68. Foreign students who do not interact with native speakers will NOT .

  A. learn very much about foreign culture

  B. learn about the history of the foreign language

  C. have to worry about making mistakes

  D. take advantage of available language models

  69. Why shouldn’t foreign language students worry about making mistakes?

  A. Because native speakers like foreign students who try to learn their language.

  B. Because communication is the primary goal of language learning.

  C. Because everyone makes mistakes when trying to communicate in a strange language.

  D. Because native speakers will ignore their mistakes.

  70. Which of the following is the author’s conclusion about the function of mistakes in learning a foreign language?

  A. Mistakes are not important in the process of learning a language.

  B. Learners are very afraid of making mistakes.

  C. Making mistakes can help the learner discover the rules of the language.

  D. Native speakers often do not tell foreign language learners about their mistakes.

  Answers:

  一. 语音知识

  1—5 A D A C D

  二. 词汇与语法知识

  6—10 B A D B C

  11—15 A C A B B

  16—20 C D C D A

  21—25 B C A A B

  26—30 C A D C B

  31—35 C A D B A

  三. 完型填空

  36—40 A A B C B

  41—45 D A A B C

  46—50 B A C A A

  51—55 B C A B D

  四. 阅读理解

  56—60 C C A B C

  61—65 D B B B B

  66—70 A C D B C


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