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2018年广东高职高考《英语》考试大纲

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(一)考试性质

广东省高等职业院校招收中等职业学校毕业生考试是以职业高中、中专学校和技工学校应届毕业生为对象的选拔性考试。有关高等职业学院将根据考生成绩,按已确定的招生计划,德、智、体全面衡量,择优录取。因此,本考试应具有较高的信度、效度以及必要的区分度和适当的难度。

(二) 考试内容和形式

试题主要考查考生的英语基础知识、基本技能、职业活动中的英语应用能力。同时,也考查考生对中国传统文化、西方文化的粗略了解程度,考生初步的跨文化意识和基本的跨文化交际能力,以及其情感、态度和价值观。

试卷由七部分组成:I.补全对话;Ⅱ.词汇与语法;Ⅲ.完形填空;Ⅳ.阅读理解;V.语法填空 VI.完成句子;VII.应用写作。下面对各部分的测试内容和要求做具体说明。

I.补全对话。

共5小题。每小题为一个不完整的简短对话,要求考生从所提供的选项中选出一个最佳答案补全对话。主要考查考生在简单的英语交际中根据语境正确使用交际套语的能力,同时也考查考生的语感。

Ⅱ.词汇与语法。

共20小题,分A)、B)两节。

A)词汇知识。共10小题。每小题包含一个画线的单词和词组,要求考生根据句子的上下文判断其相应的中文意思,并确定选项。主要考查考生的英语词汇认知能力。

B)语法知识。共10小题。每小题留有一个或两个空白处,要求考生从所给的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳答案。主要考查考生对已学语法知识的运用能力。

Ⅲ.完形填空。

共20小题。在一篇短文中留有20个空白处,要求考生在通读短文后能把握全文的大意,综合运用所学的词汇知识、语法知识、语篇知识、逻辑思维,判断、选定能填入文中空白处的最佳答案,使补全后的短文结构正确、内容连贯、意思完整。本节主要考查考生对句子和语篇的理解能力以及逻辑思维能力。

Ⅳ.阅读理解。 ‘

共15小题。要求考生阅读3篇短文,每篇短文后有几个问题或未完成的句子。考生根据短文内容从所给的选项中选出能回答问题或填人句子空白处的最佳选项。

考生应能:①依上下文猜测某个单词或词组的意思;②理解文章的主旨;③迅速查找文中的具体信息;④对文中信息的真伪做出判断和推理;⑤对句子或段落做出简单的推断;⑥理解作者的观点、态度和写作意图。

阅读材料的选取遵循三个原则:①总阅读量不少于600个单词(不含所附回答问题部分);②题材广泛,涉及日常生活、文学、社会、文化、地理、历史、教育、艺术、科技、政治、经济等领域;③体裁多样,包括记叙文、说明文、议论文、应用文、新闻报道、小说(片段)等。

V.语法填空。

共10小题。在一篇约150词的短文中留出10个空白处,部分空白处的后面括号中给出单词的基本形式,要求考生按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空白处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。主要考查考生在篇章层面对语法和语用知识的掌握情况

VI.完成句子。

共5小题。每小题为一个不完整的英语句子,要求考生将给出的汉语部分翻译成正确、通顺的英语,主要考查考生对英语词汇知识、语法知识的运用能力以及基本的翻译能力。

VII.应用写作。 。

共1小题。考生应根据试题要求,完成一篇简短的应用文写作任务。主要考查考生对英语词汇知识、语法知识的综合运用能力以及基本的应用文写作能力。

整套试卷中,第1~Ⅳ大题均采用单项选择题的形式,每题只有一个最佳答案,要求考生在答题卡上以填涂的方式作答;第V~VII大题为书写题,要求考生在答题卡上以书写的形式作答。

(三)试卷结构和时间、分值分配

全卷试题内容、题数、赋分和时间安排如下表所示:

题号

内容

题数

赋分

时间/分

I

补全对话

5

10

10

词汇与语法

20

40

20

完形填空

20

30

20

阅渎理解

15

30

35

V

语法填空

10

15

15

完成句子

5

15

10

VⅡ

应用写作

1

10

10

总计


76

150

120

(四)题型示例

I.补全对话。

阅读下列简短对话。从A、B、C、D中选出最佳答案,将对话补全。

M:How'S everything going?

W:Fine,thanks.How are you doing?

M: .

A.I’m 16 now B.Yes,it is good C.See you then D.Oh,not too bad

答案:D

Ⅱ.词汇与语法。

A.从A、B、C、D中选出句中画线的单词或词组的意义。

He has the quiet manner of people who are used to meeting danger.

A.善于 B.习惯于 C.便于 D.有用于

答案:B。

B.从A、B、C、D中选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。

Could you tell me your school is from your home?

A.how far B.how soon C.how long D.how often

答案:A:

Ⅲ.完形填空:

阅读下列短文,并掌握其大意。然后从各题所给的四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。

I lived with my parents and my two younger brothers.We weren’ 1 ,but we didn’t think of ourselves as penniless.When I was five,I 2 school. 3 was an old building that the school had,and we sat on hard wooden seats.Some of the 4 boys and girls got very bored(厌烦), 5 for me school was a great adventure.The only teacher I didn’t like very much was Mr.White,who used to 6 too much at lunch-time and fall 7 in the middle of the afterlloon.

At home we never talked very 8 at mealtimes.After dinner my father 9 go back to work.I often 10 my homework while my mother washed the dishes and cleaned 11 the room 12 Saturday nights.we would a11 sit in the living-room and listen 13 the radio。

When I left hish school, I wanted to go to college.My father 14 liked the idea,but my mother told him,“A girl 15 a college education can find a better husband.”I remember 16 once my father told me not to read SO many books because“people who read too much 17 blind。” He was serious.He couldn’t understand why I didn’t get 18 and have children.We never really knew each other very well.There is 19 like a wall between us.I am on one 20 ,and he is on the other.

1. A. rich B. richer C. poor D. poorer

2. A. stopped B. continued C. started D. left

3. A. This B. That C. It D. He

4. A. other B. others C. another D. all

5. A. since B. but C. or D. because

6. A. cook B. see C. think D. drink

7. A. asleep B. sleepy C. sleep D. sleeping

8. A. many B. much C. few D. little

9. A. will B. shall C. would D. could

10. A. copied B. did C. made D. wrote

11. A. away B. out C. off D. up

12. A. To B. At C. In D. On

13. A. with B. to C. at D. in

14. A. mostly B. usually C. hardly D. seldom

15. A. at B. on C. by D. with

16. A. whether B. that C. if D. why

17. A. let B. appear C. begin D. go

18. A. nervous B. worried C. married D. angry

19. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing

20. A. place B. wall C. part D. side

题号

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

答案

A

C

C

A

B

D

A

B

C

B

D










IV. 阅读理解

阅读下列短文,并做短文后的题目。从四个选项中,选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答案。

Lewis and his party were travelling in the Wild West. The Native Americans at several places had told them about a kind of bears, which weighed about 600 pounds. The local people would only attack these great bears if there were six to ten people in their hunting party, and even then the bears would sometimes kill one of them.

Lewis was out alone on June 15, 1805. Suddenly he saw a bear came towards him. He held up his gun but it didn’t work. The bear was getting closer. There were no trees nearby, but there was a river. So he quickly ran into the water. The bear followed. When the bear saw him in the water, for some reason it stopped and ran in the other direction. Lewis was lucky.

On July 15, 1806, Hugh McNeal, Lewis’s fellow traveler, was out alone on horseback. All of sudden he saw a bear nor far away. His horse suddenly ran forward and threw him near the bear. The bear was ready to attack him. What could he do at such a short distance? He hit the bear on the eye with his gun very hard and quickly climbed up a nearby tree. Because of their large size and straight claws (爪子), this kind of bears is not good at climbing trees, so the bear waited at the base of the tree. And it waited, and waited. Finally, just before dark, the bear gave up and left. McNeal climbed down and got back to camp safely.

1. From the passage we can see that bear was________.

A. big but clever B. small and active C. big and dangerous D. small but powerful

2. When Lewis met the bear, he_________.

A. fired his gun B. got into a river C. climbed up a tree D. ran in another direction

3. McNeal was lucky because___________.

A. the bear did not find him B. he had two guns with him

C. he could run away on horseback D. the bear was bad at climbing trees

4. Which of the following statements is true?

A. The bear was afraid of water.

B. Lewis and his party were hunting bears.

C. The bear could not see well in the evening.

D. Lewis and his party traveled for more than one year.

题号 1 2 3 4

答案 A B D D

V.语法填空.

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求:在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。

Lucy is the most creative person I know. At school, she 1 (create) many interesting projects and won some prizes, so her parents were very 2 (pride) of her. Now Lucy works as a 3 (write) for a TV show. Together with her colleagues, she has to think of fresh ideas come up with 4 (fun) dialogues for the actors on their show. It is not 5 easy job, but Lucy does is 6 (proper). Lucy is curious. She likes to travel and meet new people 7 have their own opinions that are different 8 hers. She often keeps a notebook in 9 (she) bag and writes down what she sees and hears.I always enjoy 10 (talk) with her.

VI.完成句子。

根据所给汉语提示,完成英语句子。

_____________________ (你一回到家),please send me an e-mail.

答案:As soon as you get (back) /return/go back/arrive home

VII. 应用写作。

请你写一封短信邀请朋友参加你的生日宴会,内容包括时间、地点、邀请对象、生日聚会等。

参考答案:

Dear Tom,

March 10 is my birthday. There will be party in my home this Saturday evening. We are going to sing and dance. I would like to invite you to join us.

Yours,

John


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