Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)
Directions：For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.
2. 为了让孩子独立, 父母应该……
How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent?
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 2-8, choose the best answe r from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. For questions 9-11, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
A Grassroots Remedy
Most of us spend our lives seeking the natural world. To this end, we walk th e dog, play golf, go fishing, sit in the garden, drink outside rather than inside the pub, have a picnic, live in the suburbs, go to the seaside,buy a weekend place in the country. The most popular leisure activity in Britain is going for a walk. And wh enjoggers (慢跑者) jog, they don’t run the streets. Every one of them instinctively he ads to the park or the river.It is my profound belief that not only do we all need nature, but we all seek nature, whether we know we are doingso or not.
But despite this, our children are growing up nature-deprived (丧失). I spent my bo yhood climbing trees onStreatham Common, South London. These days, children are robbed o f these ancient freedoms, due to problems likecrime, traffic, the loss of the open spa ces and odd new perceptions about what is best for children, that is tosay, things th at can be bought, rather than things that can be found.
The truth is to be found elsewhere. A study in the US: families had moved to bet ter housing and the childrenwere assessed for ADHD-attention deficit hyperactivity disorde r (多动症). Those whose accommodation had morenatural views showed an improvement of 19% ; those who had the same improvement in material surroundings but nonice view improved just 4%.
A study in Sweden indicated that kindergarten children who could play in a natural environment had lessillness and greater physical ability than children used only to a normal playground. A US study suggested thatwhen a school gave children access to a natural environment, academic levels were raised across the entire school.
Another study found that children play differently in a natural environment. In play grounds, children create ahierarchy (等级) based on physical abilities, with the tough o nes taking the lead. But when a grassy area wasplanted with bushes, the children got much more into fantasy play, and the social hierarchy was now based onimagination and creativity.
Most bullying (恃强凌弱) is found in schools where there is a tarmac (柏油碎石) pla yground; the least bullyingis in a natural area that the children are encouraged to ex plore. This reminds me unpleasantly of Sunnyhill Schoolin Streatham, with its harsh tarm ac, where I used to hang about in corners fantasising about wildlife.
But children are frequently discouraged from involvement with natural spaces, for hea lth and safety reasons,for fear that they might get dirty or that they might cause da mage. So, instead, the damage is done to thechildren themselves: not to their bodies b ut to their souls.
One of the great problems of modern childhood is ADHD, now increasingly and expensi vely treated with drugs.Yet one study after another indicates that contact with nature gives huge benefits to ADHD children. However, wespend money on drugs rather than on g reen places.
The life of old people is measurably better when they have access to nature. The increasing emphasis for thegrowing population of old people is in quality rather than q uantity of years. And study after study finds that agarden is the single most importan t thing in finding that quality.
In wider and more difficult areas of life, there is evidence to indicate that natu ral surroundings improve allkinds of things. Even problems with crime and aggressive beh aviour are reduced when there is contact with thenatural world.
Dr William Bird, researcher from the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, sta tes in his study, “Anatural environment can reduce violent behaviour because its restor ative process helps reduce anger and impulsivebehaviour.” Wild places need encouraging for this reason, no matter how small their contribution.
We tend to look on nature conservation as some kind of favour that human beings a re granting to the naturalworld. The error here is far too deep: not only do humans need nature for themselves, but the very idea thathumanity and the natural world are s eparable things is profoundly damaging.
Human beings are a species of mammals (哺乳动物). For seven million years they live d on the planet as part ofnature. Our ancestral selves miss the natural world and lon g for contact with non-human life. Anyone who haspatted a dog, stroked a cat, sat und er a tree with a pint of beer, given or received a bunch of flowers or chosento wal k through the park on a nice day, understands that.
We need the wild world. It is essential to our well-being, our health, our happine ss. Without the wild worldwe are not more but less civilised. Without other living thi ngs around us we are less than human.
Five ways to find harmony with the natural world
Walk: Break the rhythm of permanently being under a roof. Get off a stop earlier, make a circuit of the parkat lunchtime, walk the child to and from school, get a d og, feel yourself moving in moving air, look, listen,absorb.
Sit: Take a moment, every now and then, to be still in an open space. In the ga rden, anywhere that’s not inthe office, anywhere out of the house, away from the rout ine. Sit under a tree, look at water, feel refreshed,ever so slightly renewed.
Drink: The best way to enjoy the natural world is by yourself; the second best wa y is in company. Take a drinkoutside with a good person, a good gathering: talk with the sun and the wind with birdsong for background.
Learn: Expand your boundaries. Learn five species of bird, five butterflies, five tr ees, five bird songs. Thatway, you see and hear more: and your mind responds gratefull y to the greater amount of wildness in your life.
Travel: The places you always wanted to visit: by the seaside, in the country, in the hills. Take a weekendbreak, a day-trip, get out there and do it: for the scener y, for the way through the woods, for the birds, for thebees. Go somewhere special an d bring specialness home. It lasts forever, after all.
What is the author’s profound belief?
[A] People instinctively seek nature in different ways.
[B] People should spend most of their lives in the wild.
[C] People have quite different perceptions of nature.
[D] People must make more efforts to study nature.
What does the author say people prefer for their children nowadays?
[A] Personal freedom.
[B] Things that are natural.
[C] Urban surroundings.
[D] Things that are purchased.
What does a study in Sweden show?
[A] The natural environment can help children learn better.
[B] More access to nature makes children less likely to fall ill.
[C] A good playground helps kids develop their physical abilities.
[D] Natural views can prevent children from developing ADHD.
Children who have chances to explore natural areas ________.
[A] tend to develop a strong love for science
[B] are more likely to fantasise about wildlife
[C] tend to be physically tougher in adulthood
[D] are less likely to be involved in bullying
What does the author suggest we do to help children with ADHD?
[A] Find more effective drugs for them.
[B] Provide more green spaces for them.
[C] Place them under more personal care.
[D] Engage them in more meaningful activities.
In what way do elderly people benefit from their contact with nature?
[A] They look on life optimistically.
[B] They enjoy a life of better quality.
[C] They are able to live longer.
[D] They become good-humoured.
Dr William Bird suggests in his study that ________.
[A] humanity and nature are complementary to each other
[B] wild places may induce impulsive behaviour in people
[C] access to nature contributes to the reduction of violence
[D] it takes a long time to restore nature once damaged
It is extremely harmful to think that humanity and the natural world can be________________________.
The author believes that we would not be so civilised without ________________________.
The five suggestions the author gives at the end of the passage are meant to encourage people to seek _________________ with the natural world.
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)http://f1.hxen.com/m2/tingli/cet4/lnzt/cet420101218.mp3
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the fourchoices mark ed [A], [B], [C] and [D], and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
[A] The man should visit the museums.
[B] She can’t stand the hot weather.
[C] The beach resort is a good choice.
[D] She enjoys staying in Washington.
[A] Her new responsibilities in the company.
[B] What her job prospects are.
[C] What the customers’ feedback is.
[D] The director’s opinion of her work.
[A] Combine her training with dieting.
[B] Repeat the training every three days.
[C] Avoid excessive physical training.
[D] Include weightlifting in the program.
[A] When she will return home.
[B] Whether she can go by herself.
[C] Whether she can travel by air.
[D] When she will completely recover.
[A] The woman knows how to deal with the police.
[B] The woman had been fined many times before.
[C] The woman had violated traffic regulations.
[D] The woman is good at finding excuses.
[A] Switch off the refrigerator for a while.
[B] Have someone repair the refrigerator.
[C] Ask the man to fix the refrigerator.
[D] Buy a refrigerator of better quality.
[A] He owns a piece of land in the downtown area.
[B] He has got enough money to buy a house.
[C] He can finally do what he has dreamed of.
[D] He is moving into a bigger apartment.
[A] She is black and blue all over.
[B] She has to go to see a doctor.
[C] She stayed away from work for a few days.
[D] She got hurt in an accident yesterday.
Questions 20 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[A] She was a bank manager.
[B] She was a victim of the robbery.
[C] She was a defence lawyer.
[D] She was a witness to the crime.
[A] A tall man with dark hair and a moustache.
[B] A youth with a distinguishing mark on his face.
[C] A thirty-year-old guy wearing a light sweater.
[D] A medium-sized young man carrying a gun.
[A] Identify the suspect from pictures.
[B] Go upstairs to sign some document.
[C] Have her photo taken for their files.
[D] Verify the record of what she had said.
Questions 23 to 26 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[A] By reading a newspaper ad.
[B] By seeing a commercial on TV.
[C] By listening to the morning news.
[D] By calling an employment service.
[A] She could improve her foreign languages.
[B] She could work close to her family.
[C] She could travel overseas frequently.
[D] She could use her previous experiences.
[A] Taking management courses.
[B] Teaching English at a university.
[C] Working as a secretary.
[D] Studying for a degree in French.
[A] Prepare for an interview in a couple of days.
[B] Read the advertisement again for more details.
[C] Send in a written application as soon as possible.
[D] Get to know the candidates on the short list.
Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Passage One Questions 27 to 30 are based on the passage you have just heard
[A] They cannot see the firefighters because of the smoke.
[B] They do not realize the danger they are in.
[C] They cannot hear the firefighters for the noise.
[D] They mistake the firefighters for monsters.
[A] He travels all over America to help put out fires.
[B] He often teaches children what to do during a fire.
[C] He teaches Spanish in a San Francisco community.
[D] He provides oxygen masks to children free of charge
[A] He saved the life of his brother choking on food.
[B] He rescued a student from a big fire.
[C] He is very good at public speaking.
[D] He gives informative talks to young children.
[A] Firefighters play an important role in America.
[B] Kids should learn not to be afraid of monsters.
[C] Carelessness can result in tragedies.
[D] Informative speeches can save lives.
Questions 31 to 33 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[A] To satisfy the needs of their family.
[B] To fully realize their potential.
[C] To make money for early retirement.
[D] To gain a sense of their personal worth.
[A] They may have to continue to work in old age.
[B] They may regret the time they wasted.
[C] They may have nobody to depend on in the future.
[D] They may have fewer job opportunities.
[A] Making wise use of your time.
[B] Enjoying yourself while you can.
[C] Saving as much as you can.
[D] Working hard and playing hard.
Passage Three Questions 34 to 36 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[A] Hardworking students being accused of cheating.
[B] Boy students being often treated as law-breakers.
[C] Innocent people being suspected groundlessly.
[D] Junior employees being made to work overtime.
[A] Forbidding students to take food out of the restaurant.
[B] Requesting customers to pay before taking the food.
[C] Asking customers to leave their bags on the counters.
[D] Allowing only two students to enter at a time.
[A] He was taken to the manager.
[B] He was closely watched.
[C] He was asked to leave.
[D] He was overcharged.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Writing keeps us in touch with other people. We write to communicate with relatives and friends. We write to (36) _____________ our family histories so our children and grandchildren can learn and (37) _____________their heritage (传统). With computers and Internet connections in so many (38) _____________, colleges, business, people e-mailing friends and relatives all the time-or talking to them in writing in online (39) _____________ rooms. It is cheaper than calling long distance, and a lot more (40) _____________ than waiting until Sunday for the telephone (41) _____________ to drop. Students are e-mailing their professors to (42) _____________ and discuss their classroom assignments and to (43) _____________ them. They are e-mailing classmates to discuss and collaborate (合作) on homework. (44) __________________________________________________________.
Despite the growing importance of computers, however, there will always be a place and need for the personal letter. (45) ____________________________________________________. No matter what the content of the message, its real point is, “I want you to know that I care about you.” (46) ____________________________________________________________________, but only in the success of human