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2014年6月英语四级模拟题_考前冲刺预测试卷(4)

  • 试卷类型:在线模考

    参考人数:141

    试卷总分:100分

    答题时间:130分钟

    上传时间:2017-01-07

试卷简介

本套试卷集合了考试编委会的理论成果。专家们为考生提供了题目的答案,并逐题进行了讲解和分析。每道题在给出答案的同时,也给出了详尽透彻的解析,帮助考生进行知识点的巩固和记忆,让考生知其然,也知其所以然,从而能够把知识灵活自如地运用到实际中去。

试卷预览

2.

听音频:http://wximg.233.com/attached/media/20140521/20140521114106_3915.mp3 Questions 2-36are based on the conversation you have just heard.

(1)

第(2)题

A. They are going to catch cats and dogs.
B. It is raining heavily outside.
C. The woman has to check the weather report.
D. The man has to go to the post office

(2)

第(3)题

A. Move near her office.
B. Change a job.
C. Drive to work.
D. Get up earlier.

(3)

第(4)题

A. She took exercise in a gym.
B. She Was on a diet since last month.
C. She learned yoga in a gym.
D. She had bought a running machine.


(4)

第(5)题

A. He wants to go out with the woman.
B. He has already watched the movie.
C. Debbie can lot make a decision.
D. Debbie may be willing to work for them.

(5)

第(6)题

A. He knows the woman very well.
B. He is a good driver.
C. He is a helpful person.
D. His home is miles away.

(6)

第(7)题

A. He quite agrees with the woman.
B. The shirts have been sold out.
C. The woman is fashionably dressed.
D. He is bored with shopping.

(7)

第(8)题

A. Watch a movie with the man.
B. Stay home for the weekend.
C. Check her time schedule.
D. Prepare for the exam.

(8)

第(9)题

A. The mall should behave himself.
B. It is easy to handle a sad girl.
C. shirley like eating ice cream.
D. The man is angry with Shirley.


(9)

听录音,回答以下问题:

第(10)题

A. Outdated.
B. Classical.
C. Boring
D. Horrible

(10)

第(11)题

A. Five daughters fought over inheritance from their father.
B. A family suffered from national prejudice.
C. Pride was in the way of love in the early 19th century.
D. A father and a mother tried to get their five daughters married.


(11)

第(12)题

A. It saves much time to watch the movie than to read the book.
B. The movie call be understood after reading the book.
C. The plots are easily followed in the book than in the movie.
D. It is more horrible to watch the movie than to read the book.


(12)

听录音,回答以下问题:

第(13)题

A. Poor sleep at night.
B. Lack of exercise.
C. Being overweight.
D. Eating too much chocolate.

(13)

第(14)题

A. Having a healthy diet.
B. Eating no meat.
C. Eating food with high fiber.
D. Taking exercises.

(14)

第(15)题

A. Eating more vegetables.
B. Eating less sweet food.
C. Eating food in low fat.
D. Eating nutritious foods.

(15)

第(16)题

A. Eat them less.
B. Eat chocolates only.
C. Eat sweet daitry instead
D. Eat no more hamburgers


(16)

听录音,回答以下问题:

第(17)题

A. It is difficult for students in the digital age to concentrate.
B. More than half of American teenagers like surfing online.
C. Students’research habits and skills are negatively influenced.
D. Internet and distal search tools help students academically.

(17)

第(18)题

A. A good academic thesis.
B. A quick search on the Internet.
C. Applying theory to practice
D. Idea exchanges with their teachers.


(18)

第(19)题

A. They improve the students' rearch habits and skills.
B. They make learning more interesting and attractive.
C. They create meaningful content on the Interaet.
D. They give the students a hand to learn more and faster.

(19)

第(20)题

A. Many students can’t get updated online informtion.
B. Many students do not make the most use of printed books.
C. Many students can’t judge the quality of online information.
D. Many students do not trust the informtion found online.

(20)

听录音,回答以下问题:

第(21)题

A. India has the biggest population of disabled people in the world.
B. Disability in any form will result in a mental illness.
C. Eyesight failing is one of the forms of disability.
D. People will get progressive disabling diseases when they are old.

(21)

第(22)题

A. People’s attitude towards them.
B. The period of being disabled.
C. The form of their disability.
D. People's physical condition.

(22)

第(23)题

A. Physical barriers.
B. ignorance.
C. Prejudice.
D. Mental illnesses.

(23)

第(24)题

A. The words.
B. The chamcters.
C. The tones.
D. The pictures

(24)

第(25)题

A. They liked listening to stories more.
B. They had closer relationships with the teachers.
C. They did better at word recognition and spelling
D. They had more talent in drawing.

(25)

第(26)题

A. They call point to a letter and read it over and over again.
B. They can make the shape of a letter with a finger.
C. They can draw pictures of words such as"dog".
D. They can discuss the pronunciation of the print


3.

听录音,回答以下问题:

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(1)

27_________

(2)

26________

(3)

28_________

(4)

29_________

(5)

30_________

(6)

31_________

(7)

32_________

(8)

33_________

(9)

34_________

(10)

35_________

4.

A.It’s hardly breaking news that junk food is bad for us.But just how bad—and just how much food companies know about the addictive(添加剂) components of certain foods,and just how much they deliberately target the  most vulnerable consumers knowing they are doing damage-is still being discovered.The New York Times offers the latest installment in this weekend’s magazine with an article about the science of junk food addiction.
B.Nearly everything written about food in the mainstream media relies on the san2e narrative:Obesity is  bad.That kind of reporting is part of what’s keeping us sick.There’s no denying the fact that the  American public has gotten larger in recent decades.Along with getting fatter,we've also seen a rise in  illnesses like.heart disease and certain cancers.Instead of focusing on how our health is hurting.most  of the media coverage uses the term “obesity”.making the story more about weight than about  health—to the point where it’s become an accepted truth that“fat”equals “unheaithy”.
C.That’s not actually the case.though.While “the obesity epidemic” may be a convenient catch.all for the illnesses and health problems related to our food chain.it’s a lazy term and an inaccurate one.Are we actually worried about public health? 0r are we offended by fat bodies that don’t meet our thin ideals?In all seriousness:what good does a focus on body size actually do?
D.If we’re actually concerned about health.then we should focus on health.The addictive qualities of  our food, the lack of oversight (监督). the high levels of chemicals and the government subsidies (补贴) to make prices lower making the worst foods the most accessible should concern us and spur us to action. Nutrient-deficient (营养缺乏) chemically-processed "food" in increasingly larger sizes is bad for all of our bodies, whether we're fat or thin or somewhere in between. So is the culture in which fast food is able to thrive. Americans work more than ever before; we take fewer vacation days and put in longer hours, especially since the recession hit. The US remains the only industrialized country without national paid parental leave and without compulsory annual vacation time; we also have no federal law requiring paid sick days. 85% of American men and 66% of women work more than 40  hours per week. In Norway, for comparison, 23% of men work more than 40-hour weeks, and only 7% of women.
E.Despite all this work, American income levels remain remarkably divided into the poorest and the richest, with the richest few controlling nearly all of the wealth. In one of the wealthiest countries on earth, one in seven people rely on federal food aid, with most of the financial benefits going to big food companies who are also able to produce cheap, nutritionally questionable food thanks to agricultural subsidies. The prices of the worst foods are arificially depressed, the big food lobbies have enormous power, and the biggest loser is the American public, especially low-income folks wbo spend larger proportions of their income on food but face systematic impediments (妨碍) to healthy eating and exercise.
F.With demanding work days, little time off and disproportionate amounts of our incomes going toward things like health insurance and childcare that other countries provide at a lower cost, is it any surprise that we eat fast-food breakfast on our laps in the car and prefer dinner options that are quick and cheap?
G. Reforming our food system requires major structural changes, not just saying no to put down that bag of chips. We need to push back against corporate interests. Food companies are incredibly" good at positing themselves as crusaders (拥护者) for personal choice and entities simply dedicated to giving the public what it wants. Somehow, big food companies have convinced us that drinking a 32oz soda is a matter of personal liberty, and that the government has no place in regulating how much liquid  sugar can be sold in a single container.
H.In fact, we know-and they certainly know-that human beings are remarkably bad at judging how much we're eating. Food companies use that information to encourage over-consumption, and to target certain consumers who tend to have less disposable income to invest in healthy food  poor people, people of color, kids.
I. Food is a social justice issue that has disproportionately negative impacts on groups already facing hardship. That should be an issue for every socially conscious person. But when looking at the large number of problems caused not only by our big food industry but by the policies that enable them and our cultural norms that incentivize poor health choices, too many people simply turn "obesity" into the boogeyman(恶巫). Doctors even blame fatness for all sorts of medical conditions and people don't get proper treatment. Fat women go to the doctor less often for routine cancer screenings, and patients report doctors focusing on their weight and ignoring real medical problems like broken bones and asthma (哮喘).
J.On the policy side, promoters of laws that incentivize health or push back on corporate food interests such as Michelle Obarna's Let's Move ! initiative, bans on extra-large sodas, and extra SNAP benefits at farmer's markets inevitably target "obesity" in their campaigns. That strategy has the effect of maligning (诽谤) the beauty of certain bodies instead of encouraging everyone to be healthier and countering the enormous influence of big companies. As a result, many people who should be the natural allies of health-promoting initiatives are put off by the shaming fat language.
K."Obesity epidemic" language has also fed into the idea of body size and eating habits as social group. Thinner kale (甘蓝)  eating elite liberals in the Northeast are trying to force-feed cabbage to heavier real Americans in the South and Midwest. No one wins with that kind of cultural polarization.
L.Yes, let's push back against big food companies and question their outsized influence in Washington and in our daffy lives, and let's focus on making healthy food more widely accessible. Let's realize that the challenges extend beyond just what we eat. Let's fight for the humane (仁爱的) work policies that will make us all healthier.
M.But let's do that because public health is all of our concern, not because it's culturally easy to point the finger at fat people. Giving every member of a society the chance to be as healthy as possible is a moral good. It saves money and it saves lives. So let's do it the right way and the most effective way without lazily relying on the word "obesity".

(1)

As a social justice problem, food negatively impact on groups who already have had a difficult life.

(2)

The word "obesity" used by most media coverage shows they concern less about our health than our weight.

(3)

We should concentrate on making people have more access to get healthy food.

(4)

In one of the wealthiest countries in the world, one in seven Americans live on federal food aid.

(5)

Among the industrialized countries, the US is the only one having no national paid parental leave and sick days, and compulsory annual vacation time.

(6)

The same idea about food in the mainstream media is that, obesity is bad.

(7)

The term "obesity epidemic" has promoted the idea of body size and eating habits as social group.

(8)

To make structural changes of our food system, we need to fight against food companies' interests.

(9)

It is the government subsidies to lower the prices of food that make the worst foods the most obtainable.

(10)

It is a moral good to offer eyery one in the society the opportunity to be as healthy as they could.

5.

       Instinctively, the first thing we want to know about a disease is whether it is going to kill us. Twenty-five years ago, tiffs was the only question about AIDS we couJd anwer with any certainty; now, it is the only question we really camaot answer well at all. By now, those of us in the AIDS business long term have cared for thousands of patients. No one with that kind of personal experience can doubt for a moment the deadly potential of H. I. V. or the life-saving capabilities of the drugs developed against it. But there are also now htmdreds of footnotes and exceptions and modifications to those two facts that make the big picture ever murkier (扑朔迷离).
        We have patients scattered at every possible point: men and women who cruise on their medications with no problems at all, and those who never become stable on them and die of AIDS; those who refuse them until it is too late, and those who never need them at all; those who leave AIDS far behind only to die from lung cancer or breast cancer or liver failure, and those few who are killed by the medications themelves.
        So, when we welcome a new patient into our world, one whose fated place in this world is still unclear, and that patient asks us, as most do, whether this illness is going to kill him or not, it often takes a bit of mental stammering (口吃) before we hazard an answer,Now, a complete rundown of all the news from the front would take hours. The statistics change almost; hourly as new treatments appear. It is all too cold, too mathematical, too scary to dump on the head of a sick, frightened person. So we simplify. "We have good treatments now,  we say. "You should do fine. "
Once, not so long ago, we were working in another universe.Now we have simply rejoined the carnival ( 嘉年华) of modern medicine, noisy and encouraging, confusing and contradictory, fueled by the eternal balancing of benefits and risks.
        You can win big, and why shouldn't you, with the usual fall-safe combination of luck and money. You have our very best hopes, so step right up: we sell big miracles but, offer no guarantees.

(1)

What does the author say about AIDS?

A. It is definitely deadly twenty-five years ago.
B. The patients want to know everything about it.
C. We can answer anything about it with certainty now.
D. We could not answer questions about it well before.

(2)

What do we know about the AIDS patients the author has cared for?

A. All of them need the help of medications.

B. Some of them die of refusing medications.

C. All of them die of AIDS eventually.

D. Some of them are killed by the fear of AIDS.

(3)

By "meutal stammering", the author means.

A. they cannot give an exact answer to AIDS patients
B. they hesitate to tell the truth to AIDS patients who will die
C. tehy need to think about whether patients will die of AIDS
D. they have to make up excuses to comfort AIDS patients

(4)

A complete count of all the statistics about AIDS.

A. will promote new treatments to appear
B. will simplify doctors' answers about AIDS
C. will be too cold and mathematical for doctors
D. will be influenced by new treatments

(5)

What can be inferred from the last two paragraphs?

A. The life of AIDS patients was offered no guarantees not so long ago.
B. AIDS can be got rid of with the fail-safe combination of luck and money.
C. Doctors should offer AIDS patients their best hopes to encourage them.
D. Moderu medicine brings about both benefits and risks to AIDS patients.

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