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2012年12月英语四级考试真题试卷

  • 试卷类型:在线模考

    参考人数:185

    试卷总分:100分

    答题时间:140分钟

    上传时间:2016-09-30

试卷简介

本套试卷集合了考试编委会的理论成果。专家们为考生提供了题目的答案,并逐题进行了讲解和分析。每道题在给出答案的同时,也给出了详尽透彻的解析,帮助考生进行知识点的巩固和记忆,让考生知其然,也知其所以然,从而能够把知识灵活自如地运用到实际中去。

试卷预览

1.

1 Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Education Pays based on the statistics provided in the chart below(Unemployment rate in 2010).Please give a brief description the chart first and then make comments on it.You should write at least l20 words but no more than 180 Words.

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writing 2 Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Education Pays based on the statistics provided in the chart below(Unemployment rate in 2010.Please give a brief description of the chart first and then make comments on it.You should write at least 120 words but no more that 180 words.

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2.

根据以下内容,回答2-11题。 

The Magician   

    The revolution that Steve Jobs led is only just beginning.   

    When it came to putting on a show,nobody else in the computer industry,or any other industry for that matter,could match Steve Jobs.His product launches,at which he would stand alone on a black stage and produce as if by magic an“incredible”new electronic gadget(小器具)in front of an amazed crowd,were the peril,rmances of a master showman.All computers do is fetch and work with numbers,he once exp lained,but do it fast enough and “the results appear to be magic”.Mr.Jobs,who died recently aged 56,spenthis life packaging that magic into elegantly designed,easy-to-use products.   

    The reaction to his death,with people leaving candles and flowers outside Apple stores and politicians singing praises on the internet,is proof that Mr.Jobs had become something much more significant than just a clever money-maker.He stood out in three ways-as a technologist,as a corporate(公司的)leader and as somebody who was able to make people love what had previously been impersonal,functional gadgets.Strangely,it is this last quality that may have the deepest effect on the way people live.The era of personal technology is in many ways just beginning.   

    As a technologist,Mr.Jobs was different because he was not an engineer-and that was his great strength.Instead he was keenly interested in product design and aesthetics(关学),and in making advanced technology simple to use.He repeatedly took an existing but half-formed idea-the mousedriven computer,the digital music player,the smart phone,the tablet computer(平板电脑)-and showed the rest of the industry how to do it properly.Rival firms competed with each other to follow where he led. In the process he brought about great changes in computing,music,telecoms and the news business that were painful for existing firms but welcomed by millions of consumers. Within the wider business world,a man who liked to see himself as fl hippy(嬉皮士),permanently in rev(It against big companies,ended up being hailed by many of those corporate giants as one of the greatest chief executives of his time.That was partly due to his talents:showmanship,strategic vision,an astonishing attention to detail and,a dictatorial management style which many bosses must have envied,But most of all it was the extraordinary trajectory(轨迹)of his life.His fall from grace in the 1980s followed by his return to Apple in l 996 after a period in the wilderness,is an inspiration to any business sperson whose career has taken a turn for the worse.The way in which Mr.Jobs revived the failing company he had co—founded and turned it into the world’s biggest tech firm (bigger even thanBill Gates’sMicrosoft,the company that had outsmarted Apple so-dramatically in the l980s),sounds like something from a Hollywood movie.   

    But what was perhaps most astonishing about Mr.Jobs was the absolute loyalty he managed to inspire in customers.Many Apple users feel themselves to be part of a community,with Mr.Jobs as its leader.And there was indeed a personal link.Apple’s products were designed to accord with the boss,s tastes and to meet his extremely high standards.Every iPhone or MacBook has his fingerprints all over it.H is great achievement was to combine an emotional spark with computer technology,and make the resulting product feel personal.And that is what put Mr.Jobs on the right side of history,as technological innovation(创新)has moved into consumer electronics over the past decade.   

    As our special report in this issue(printed before Mr.Jobs’s death)explains,innovation used to spill over from military and corporate laboratories to the consumer market,but lately this process has gone into reverse.Many people’s homes now have more powerful,and more flexible,devices than their offices do;consumer gadgets and online services are smarter and easier to use than most companies’ systems.Familiar consumer products are being adopted by businesses,government and the armed forces.Companies are employing in.house versions of Facebook and creating their own“app stores”to deliver software to employees.Doctors use tablet computers for their work in hospitals.Meanwhile,the number of consumers hungry for such gadgets continues to swell.Apple’s products are now being snapped up in Delhi and Dalian just as in Dublin and Dallas.   

    Mr.Jobs had a reputation as a control freak(怪人),and his critics complained that the products and systems he designed were closed and inflexible,in the name of greater ease of use.Yet he also empowered millions of people by giving them access to cutting-edge technology. His insistence onputting users first,and focusing on elegance and simplicity,has become deep。rooted in his own company,and is spreading to rival firms too.It is no longer just at Apple that designers ask:“What would Steve Jobs do?”

   The gap between Apple and other tech firms is now likely to narrow.This week’s announcement of a new iPhone by a management team led by Tim Cook,who replaced Mr.Jobs as chief executive in August,was generally regarded as competent but uninspiring.Without Mr.Jobs to shower his star dust on the event,it felt like just,another product launch from just another technology firm. At the recent unveiling of a tablet computer by Jeff Bezos of Amazon,whose company is doing the best Job of following Apple’s lead in combining hardware,software,content and services in an easy-touse bundle,there were several attacks at Apple.But by doing his best to imitate Mr.Jobs,Mr.Bezos also.Flattered (抬举)him.With Mr.Jobs gone,Apple is just one of many technology firms trying to arouse his uncontrollable spirit in new products.   

    Mr.Jobs was said by an engineer in the early years of Apple to emit a“reality distortion(扭曲)field”.such were his powers of persuasion.But in the end he created a reality of his own,channeling the magic of computing into products that reshaped entire industries.The man who said in his youth that he wanted to “put a ding in the universe” did just that.

(1)

We learn from the first paragraph that nobody could match Steve Jobs in_________.

A.intelligence 

B.showmanship 

C.magic power 

D.persuasion skills

(2)

What did Steve Jobs do that most deeply affected people’s way of life?

A.He invented lots of functional gadgets. 

B.He kept improving computer technology. 

C.He started the era of personal technology. 

D.He established a new style of leadership.

(3)

Where did Mr.Jobs’s great strength lie?

A.His profound insight about consumers needs in general. 

B.His keen interest in designing elegant and user-friendly gadgets. 

C.His firm determination to win in the competition against his rivals. 

D.His rich knowledge as a computer scientist and electronic engineer.

(4)

Many corporate giants saw Steve Jobs as_________.

A.one of the greatest chief executives of his time 

B.a dictator in the contemporary business world 

C.an unbeatable rival in the computer industry 

D.the most admirable hippy in today’s world

(5)

For those who have suffered failures in business,Steve Jobs’s life experience serves as_______.

A.a symbol 

B.a standard 

C.an ideal 

D.an inspiration

(6)

What was the most astonishing part of Mr.Jobs’ssuccess?

A.He turned a failing company into a profitable business. 

B.He set up personal links with many of his customers. 

C.He commanded absolute loyalty from Apple users. 

D.He left his fingerprints all over Apple products.

(7)

What is mentioned in this issue’s special report about innovation nowadays?

A.It benefits civilians more than the military. 

B.New products are first used in the military. 

C.Many new ideas first appear on the internet. 

D.It originates in the consumer market.

(8)

In spite of the user-friendliness of Apple products,critics complained that they were_______.

(9)

Amazon,by having hardware,software,content and services in an easy-to-use bundle,did the best job in following Apple’s lead_________.

(10)

By channeling the magic of computing into products,Steve Jobs had succeeded in_________.

(1)

A. He needs another week for the painting. 

B. The painting was completed just In time. 

C. The building won’t open until next week. 

D. His artistic work has been well received.

(2)

A. Go camping. 

B. Decorate his house. 

C. Rent a tent. 

D. Organize a party.

(3)

A. She talked with Mr.Wright on the phone. 

B. She is about to call Mr.Wright’s secretary. 

C. She will see Mr.Wright at lunch time. 

D. She failed to reach Mr.Wright.

(4)

A. He is actually very hardworking. 

B. He has difficulty finishing his project. 

C. He needs to spend more time in the lab. 

D. He seldom tells the truth about himself.

(5)

A. Rules restricting smoking. 

B. Ways to quit smoking. 

C. Smokers’ health problems. 

D. Hazards of passive smoking.


(6)

A. He is out of town all morning. 

B. He is tied up in family matters. 

C. He has been writing a report. 

D. He has got meetings to attend.

(7)

A. He is not easy—going. 

B. He is the speakers’boss. 

C. He is not at home this weekend. 

D. He seldom invites people to his home.

(8)

A. Take a break. 

B. Refuel his car. 

C. Ask the way. 

D. Have a cup of coffee.

(9)

Questions 20 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

A. They are as good as historical films. 

B. They give youngsters a thrill. 

C. They have greatly improved. 

D. They are better than comics on film.

(10)

A. The effects were very good. 

B. The acting was just so—so. 

C. The plot was too complicated. 

D. The characters were lifelike.

(11)

A. They triumphed ultimately over evil in the battle. 

B. They Flayed the same role in War of the Worlds. 

C. They are popular figures among young people. 

D. They are two leading characters in the film.

(12)

Questions 23 to 26 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

A. It is scheduled on Thursday night. 

B. It is supposed to last nine weeks. 

C. It takes place once a week. 

D. It usually starts at six.

(13)

A. To make good use of her spare time in the evening. 

B. To meet the requirements of her in—service training. 

C. To improve her driving skills as quickly as possible. 

D. To get some basic knowledge about car maintenance.

(14)

A. Partic pate in group discussions. 

B. Take turns to make presentations. 

C. Listen to the teacher’s explanation. 

D. Answer the teacher’s questions.

(15)

A. Most of them are female. 

B. Some have a part—time job. 

C. They plan to buy a new car. 

D. A few of them are old chaps.

(16)

Questions 27 to 30 are based on the passage you have just heard.

A. She is not good at making friends. 

B. She is not well off. 

C. She enjoys company. 

D. She likes to go to concerts alone.

(17)

A. Their similar social status. 

B. Their interdependence. 

C. Their common interest. 

D. Their identical character.

(18)

A. Invite Pat to a live concert. 

B. Buy some gifts for Pat’s kids. 

C. Help take care of Pat’s kids. 

D. Pay for Pat’s season tickets.

(19)

A. It can develop between people with a big difference in income. 

B. It can be maintained among people of different age groups. 

C. It cannot last long without similar family background. 

D. It cannot be sustained when friends move far apart.

(20)

Questions 31 to 33 are based on the passage you have just heard.

A. Priority of students’academic achievements. 

B. Equal education opportunities to all children. 

C. Social equality between teachers and students. 

D. Respect for students’individuality.

(21)

A. Efficient 

B. Complicated 

C. Lengthy 

D. Democratic

(22)

A. To help them acquire hands—on experience. 

B. To try to cut down its operational expenses. 

C. To provide part—time jobs for needy students. 

D. To enable them to learn to take responsibility.

(23)

Questions 34 to 36 are based on the passage you have just heard.

A. The best way to work through a finger maze. 

B. Individuals doing better in front of an audience. 

C. Researchers having contributed greatly to psychology. 

D. Improvements on the classification of human behavior.

(24)

A. When you feel encouraged by the audience. 

B. When you try to figure out a confusing game. 

C. When you already know how to do something. 

D. When you complete with other people in a group.

(25)

A. Practicing constantly. 

B. Working by oneself. 

C. Learning by doing. 

D. Using proven methods.

4.

听录音,回答问题。 

Americans today have different eating habits than they had in the past.There is a wide(36)______ offood available.They have a broader(37)______ of nutrition(营养),so they buy more fresh fruitand(38)______than ever before.At the same time,Americans(39)______increasing quantities of sweetsand sodas.   

Statisticsshow that the way people live(40)______the way they eat.American lifestyles havechanged.There are now growing numbers of people wholive alone,(41)______parents and children,and double-income families.These changinglifestyles are(42)______ for the increasing number of people who must(43)______mealsor sometimes simply go without them.Many Americans haveless time than ever before to spend preparing food.(44)_____________________weekon average.   

It is easy to study the amounts and kinds of food that people consume.(45)________________uswhat people are eatin9,but also tells us about the changes in attitudes and tastes.(46)____________.Instead,chicken,turkey and fish have become morepopular.Sales of these foods have greatly increased inrecent years.

(1)

第(36)题_________

(2)

第(37)题_________

(3)

第(38)题_________

(4)

第(39)题_________

(5)

第(40)题_________

(6)

第(41)题_________

(7)

第(42)题_________

(8)

第(43)题_________

(9)

第(44)题_________

(10)

第(45)题_________

5.

回答47-56题:

So many people use the cell phone frequently every day.But___47___little is certain about the health effects of its use.Manufactures___48___that cell phones meet government standards for safe radio frequency radiation emission,but enough studies are beginning to document a possible___49___in rare brain tumors(肿瘤),headaches and behavioral disorders in children to cause concern.So far,the evidence isn’t___50___ on whether the use of cell phones___51___to any increased risk of cancer.In a new trial,researchers asked 47 volunteers to___52___in a project to measure glucose(葡萄糖)consumption in the brain by scanning the brain to see how cells use energy.For both 50 minute scans,the volunteers had a cell phone___53___to each ear.During the first scan,the devices were turned off,but for the second scan,the phone on the right ear was___54___on and received a recorded-message call,although the volume was muted(消音) so the noise wouldn’t bias the results.The results of the second scan showed that the___55___of the brain nearest to the device had higher rates of glucose consumption than the rest of the brain.The study shows that cell phones can change brain activLty,and___56___a whole new avenue for scientific inquiry,though it doesn’t say anything about whether cell-phone radiation can cause cancer.

A.conclusive 

B.contributes 

C.derive 

D.expresses

E.fixed 

F.immensely 

G.increase 

H.maintain 

I.mission 

J.participate 

K.particular 

L.provides 

M.regions 

N.surprisingly 

O.switched

(1)

第(47)题__________

(2)

第(48)题__________

(3)

第(49)题__________

(4)

第(50)题__________

(5)

第(51)题__________

(6)

第(52)题__________

(7)

第(53)题__________

(8)

第(54)题__________

(9)

第(55)题__________

(10)

第(56)题__________

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