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2015年12月英语四级考试真题(第二套)

  • 试卷类型:在线模考

    参考人数:108

    试卷总分:255分

    答题时间:125分钟

    上传时间:2016-09-24

试卷简介

本套试卷集合了考试编委会的理论成果。专家们为考生提供了题目的答案,并逐题进行了讲解和分析。每道题在给出答案的同时,也给出了详尽透彻的解析,帮助考生进行知识点的巩固和记忆,让考生知其然,也知其所以然,从而能够把知识灵活自如地运用到实际中去。

试卷预览

1.

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying"Learning is a daily experience and a lifetime mission. " You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of lifelong learning. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

(1)

Section A

A.The agenda for the board of directors' meeting.

B.The details of the meeting to be held next week.

C.The reason for the man's absence from the meeting.

D.The time for the man's visit to the woman's company.

(2)

A.At a travel agency.

B.At a department store.

C.In a library.

D.In a post office

(3)

A.He cannot hear the woman's call.

B.He cannot get through to New York.

C.He cannot recall the phone number.

D.He cannot find a public phone nearby.

(4)

A.Watch a movie with the woman.

B.Revise his thesis in the office.

C.Do some shopping with Jane.

D.Discuss his thesis with Prof. Hudson.

(5)

A.He just cannot work properly without a watch.

B.He has no idea where he can buy a gold watch.

C.He still does not know where he left his watch.

D.He is not sure what went wrong with his watch.

(6)

A.He forgot all about what he said.

B.He slipped and hurt his head.

C.He was sorry for being off sick last week.

D.He thought the woman's car had been sold.

(7)

A.She should try to catch an earlier bus.

B.She is absent from his class too often.

C.She is always making excuses for being late.

D.She should come up with a better excuse.

(8)

A.He is going to help the woman out.

B.He has to move out of the building soon.

C.He is on his way to see a real estate agent.

D.He will stay with the woman's brother.

(9)

A.From the wanted cohunn.

B.From some of her friends.

C.From a telephone directory.

D.From a television commercial.


(10)

A.She received full-time education abroad.

B.She graduated from an open university.

C.She fmished her secondary school.

D.She studied in a vocational college.

(11)

A.She is a shorthand-typist.

B.She works as a tour guide.

C.She is a policewoman.

D.She teaches an evening class.

(12)

A.It provides him with career opportunities.

B.It helps enlarge his customer network.

C.It has been off and on for ten years.

D.It was interrupted for four years.

(13)

A.Individualized service.

B.Traditional setting.

C.Home-made beer.

D.Social games.

(14)

A.The quality of beer.

B.The atmosphere.

C.The owner's attitude.

D.The right location.

(15)

A.It is a rather tough job.

B.It is a profitable business.

C.It helps old people kill time.

D.It makes retirees feel useful.

(16)

Section B Passage One

A.It is becoming increasingly popular.

B.It helps the user to escape reality.

C.It gives rise to serious social instability.

D.It hurts a person and those around them.

(17)

A.They use drugs just for fun.

B.They take drugs to get high.

C.They use drugs as medicine.

D.They keep drug use a secret.

(18)

A.It is quite common in entertainment circles.

B.It is the cause of various social problems.

C.It is hard to get rid of.

D.It is fatal to the user.

(19)

Passage Two

A.Taking up exercises after recovery.

B.Producing tasty healthy frozen food.

C.Finding new ways to cure heart disease.

D.Going on a diet upon leaving the hospital.

(20)

A.It was carefully tested with consumers.

B.It was promoted by health organizations.

C.It was disapproved by many diet experts.

D.It was highly expected by the general public.

(21)

A.Competitive price.

B.Low expectations.

C.Vigorous promotion.

D.Unique ingredients.

(22)

A.It was suggested by the firm's vice-president.

B.It matches the food's dark green packaging.

C.It has a positive implication for consumers.

D.It tricks the elders into impulse purchasing.

(23)

Passage Three

A.It is practiced in most of the states.

B.It will be abolished sooner or later.

C.It has drawn a lot of criticism from overseas.

D.It has to be approved by the Supreme Court.

(24)

A.Whether the practice should be allowed to continue in future.

B.Whether there should be a minimum age limit for execution.

C.What type of criminals should receive it.

D.What effect it might have on youngsters.

(25)

A.The court sentenced him to life in prison for killing two friends.

B.The governor changed his death sentence to life in prison.

C.He was the first minor to be executed in South Carolina.

D.He was sentenced to death for a crime he committed as a minor.

3.

听录音,回答下列题

Large loans are seldom the issue; they are usually treated as business(26), with the terms spelled out on paper. But many women suffer(27)over problems like Carol's "My friend Ginny is always(28)cash," she says. "I hate to recall how often I've ' loaned' her a dollar or two for a drink or a movie. Each loan is so small I'd feel really cheap making a big deal out of it; still, I do(29)the fact that she never pays me back. "Carol admits to being "too(30)or something" to demand repayment, but she has resolved tostop lending money to Ginny. "The last time she asked for five dollars to pay for her dry cleaning, I just told her I couldn't(31)it. "Another woman suggests a bolder(32). "When somebody refuses to repay a loan, I(33)byrequesting one myself," she says. "‘I left home without my wallet,' I'll say. ‘Can you lend meenough to cover lunch?' Then, when the money is safely in hand, I am struck by a sudden(34)Why, this is exactly the amount I loaned you last week ! How(35)! Now you won't have to repay me'" She says it works like a charm.

(1)

第(26)题

(2)

第(27)题

(3)

第(28)题

(4)

第(29)题

(5)

第(30)题

(6)

第(31)题

(7)

第(32)题

(8)

第(33)题

(9)

第(34)题

(10)

第(35)题

4.

Questions are based on the following passage. 

For many Americans,2013 ended with an unusually bitter cold spell.Late November and December(36)early snow and bone-chilling temperatures in much of the country, part of a year when, for the first time in two(37), record-cold days will likely turn out to have oumumbered recordwarm ones. But the U. S. was the exception: November was the warmest ever(38), and current data indicates that 2013 is likely to have been the fourth hottest year on record. Enjoy the snow now, because(39)are good that 2014 will be even hotter, perhaps the hottest year since records have been kept. That's because, scientists are predicting,2014 will be an El Nifio Year. El Nino, Spanish for "the child",(40)when surface ocean waters in the southern Pacific become abnormally warm. So large is the Pacific, covering 30% of the planet's surface, that the(41)energy generated by its warming is enough to touch off a series of weather changes around the world. El Ninos are(42)with abnormally dry conditions in Southeast Asia and Australia. They can lead to extreme rain in parts of North and South America, even as southern Africa(43)dry weather. Marine life may be affected too: E1 Ninos can(44)the rising of the cold, nutrient-rich (营养丰富的) water that supports large fish(45), and the unusually warm ocean temperatures can destroy coral (珊瑚). 

A. Additional 

B. Associated 

C. bore 

D. Chances 

E. Communicated 

F. Decades 

G. experiences 

H. Globally 

I. Logically 

J. Occurs 

K. populations 

L. realize 

M. Reduce 

N. Saw 

O. Specific

(1)

第(36)题选

(2)

第(37)题选

(3)

第(38)题选

(4)

第(39)题选

(5)

第(40)题选

(6)

第(41)题选

(7)

第(42)题选

(8)

第(43)题选

(9)

第(44)题选

(10)

第(45)题选

5.

看材料,回答下列题 

A. Why do so many Americans eat tons of processed food, the stuff that is correctly called junk (垃圾) and should really carry warning labels? 

B. It's not because fresh ingredients are hard to come by. Supermarkets offer more variety than ever, and there are over four times as many farmers' markets in the U. S. as there were 20 years ago. nor is it for lack of available information. There are plenty of recipes (食谱), how-to videos and cooking classes available to anyone who has a computer, smartphone or television. If anything, the information is overwhelming. 

C. And yet we aren't cooking. If you eat three meals a day and behave like most Americans, you probably get at least a third of your dally calories (卡路里) outside the home. Nearly two-thirds of us grab fast food once a week, and we get almost 25% of our dally calories from snacks. So we're eating out or taking in, and we don't sit down-or we do, but we hurry. 

D. Shouldn't preparing-and consuming-food be a source of comfort, pride, health, weli-being, relaxation, sociability? Something that connects us to other humans? Why would we want to outsource(外包) this basic task, especially when outsourcing it is so harmful? 

E. When I talk about cooking, I'm not talking about creating elaborate dinner parties or three-day science projects. I'm talking about simple, easy, everyday meals. My mission is to encourage green hands and those lacking time or money to feed themselves. That means we need modest, realistic expectations, and we need to teach people to cook food that's good enough to share with family and friends. 

F. Perhaps a return to real cooking needn't be far off. A recent Harris poll revealed that 79% of Americans say they enjoy cooking and 30% "love it" ; 14% admit to not enjoying kitchen work and just 7% won't go near the stove at all. But this doesn't necessarily translate to real cooking, and the result of this survey shouldn't surprise anyone: 52% of those 65 or older cook at home five or more times per week; only a third of young people do. 

G. Back in the 1950s most of us grew up in households where Morn cooked virtually every night. The intention to put a home-cooked meal on the table was pretty much universal. Most people couldn't afford to do otherwise. 

H. Although frozen dinners were invented in the '40s, their popularity didn't boom until televisions became popular a decade or so later. Since then, packaged, pre-prepared meals have been what's for dinner. The microwave and fast-food chains were the biggest catalysts (催化剂), but the big food companies--which want to sell anything except the raw ingredients that go into cooking-made the home cook an endangered species. 

I. Still, I fmd it strange that only a third of young people report preparing meals at home regularly. Isn't this the same crowd that rails against processed junk and champions craft cooking?And isn't this the generation who say they're concerned about their health and the well-being of the planet? If these are truly the values of many young people, then their behavior doesn't match their beliefs. 

J. There have been haft-hearted but well-publicized efforts by some food companies to reduce calories in their processed foods, but the Standard American Diet is still the polar opposite of the healthy,mostly plant-based diet that just about every expert says we should be eating. Considering that the government's standards are not nearly ambitious enough, the picture is clear: bynot cooking athome, we're not eating the right things, and the consequences are hard to overstate. 

K. To help quantify (量化). the costs of a poor diet, I recently tried to estimate this impact in terms of a most famous food, the burger (汉堡包). I concluded that the profit from burgers is more than offset (抵消) by the damage they cause in health problems and environmental harm. 

L. Cooldng real food is the best defense-not to mention that any meal you're likely to eat at home contains about 200 fewer calories than one you would eat in a restaurant. 

M. To those Americans for whom money is a concern, my advice is simple: Buy what you can afford,and cook it yourself. The common prescription is to primarily shop the grocery store, since that's where fresh produce, meat and seafood, and dairy are. And to save money and still eat well you don't need local, organic ingredients; all you need is real food. I'm not saying local food isn't better; it is. But there is plenty of decent food in the grocery stores. 

N. The other sections you should get to know are the frozen foods and the canned goods. Frozen produce is still produce; canned tomatoes are still tomatoes. Just make sure you're getting real food without tons of added salt or sugar. Ask yourself, would Grandma consider this food? Does it look like something that might occur in nature? It's pretty much common sense: you want to buy food,not unidentifiable foodlike objects. 

O. You don't have to hit the grocery store daily, nor do you need an abundance of skill. Since fewer than haft of Americans say they cook at an intermediate level and only 20% describe their cooldng skills as advanced, the crisis is one of confidence. And the only remedy for that is practice. There's nothing mysterious about cooking the evening meal. You just have to do a little thinking ahead and redefine what qualifies as dinner. Like any skill, cooking gets easier as you do it more; every time you cook, you advance your level of skills. Someday you won't even need recipes. My advice is that you not pay attention to the number of steps and ingredients, because they can be deceiving. 

P. Time, I realize, is the biggest obstacle to cooking for most people. You must adjust your priorities to find time to cook. For instance, you can move a TV to the kitchen and watch your favorite shows while you're standing at the sink. No one is asking you to give up activities you like, but if you're watching food shows on TV, try cooking instead.

(1)

Cooking benefits people in many ways and enables them to connect with one another.

(2)

Abundant information about cooking is available either online or on TV.

(3)

Young people do less cooking at home than the elderly these days.

(4)

Cooking skills can be improved with practice.

(5)

In the mid-20th century, most families ate dinner at home instead of eating out.

(6)

Even those short of time or money should be encouraged to cook for themselves and their family.

(7)

Eating food not cooked by ourselves can cause serious consequences.

(8)

To eat well and still save money, people should buy fresh food and cook it themselves.

(9)

We get a fairly large portion of calories from fast food and snacks.

(10)

The popularity of TV led to the popularity of frozen food.

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