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2016年6月英语四级提分冲刺试卷(一)

  • 试卷类型:在线模考

    参考人数:143

    试卷总分:255分

    答题时间:125分钟

    上传时间:2016-09-24

试卷简介

本套试卷集合了考试编委会的理论成果。专家们为考生提供了题目的答案,并逐题进行了讲解和分析。每道题在给出答案的同时,也给出了详尽透彻的解析,帮助考生进行知识点的巩固和记忆,让考生知其然,也知其所以然,从而能够把知识灵活自如地运用到实际中去。

试卷预览

1.

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the following question.You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words. 

Suppose a foreign friend of yours wants to buy a book, which book would you like to recommend to him/her and why?

(1)

A.Use the woman's mobile phone.

B.Buy a mobile phone.

C.Borrow some change.

D.Use a pay phone.

(2)

A.She forgets what they have done.

B.She has been sick.

C.She will help the man.

D.She missed some classes.

(3)

A.It is very boring.

B.It is very difficult.

C.It is very special.

D.It is very wonderful.

(4)

A.She doesn't want to help the man.

B.She can't fix the computer.

C.She can't send the e-malls now.

D.She doesn't know how to send e-mails.

(5)

A.Fix the power plug.

B.Figure out the sound problem.

C.Press the play button again.

D.Make some sound.

(6)

A.She won't have dinner until fmishing the report.

B.She is too busy to have dinner with them.

C.She doesn't want to have dinner tonight.

D.She won't finish the report until tomorrow.

(7)

A.Having a rest.

B.Going on with the work.

C.Waiting another minute.

D.Eating some snacks.

(8)

A.It is very interesting.

B.It is very easy.

C.It is very boring.

D.It is very difficult.

(9)

A.It has changed the flavor.

B.It is spicy as usual.

C.It is too expensive.

D.It sells western food.

(10)

A.The Italian restaurant.

B.The Indian restahrant.

C.The Chinese restaurant.

D.The Thai restaurant.

(11)

A.The man and the woman will not eat out.

B.The man and the woman will go Dutch.

C.The man will pay for the dinner.

D.The woman will pay for the dinner.

(12)

A.Job hopping.

B.Putting up a notice.

C.Travelling by plane.

D.Learning a foreign language.

(13)

A.It has a small size.

B.It will fire some employees.

C.It will give him a promotion.

D.It is an overseas company.

(14)

A.He will learn English for it.

B.He will work in another country.

C.He will travel a lot.

D.He will get a much higher salary.

(15)

A.Recommend her to his new company.

B.Give her some advice on her work.

C.Get her promoted to be the manager.

D.Write her a letter of recommendation.

(16)

A.They only receive money from businesses.

B.They offer people news and entertainment.

C.They are run by the government.

D.They are mainly for education.

(17)

A.They are notas popular as before.

B.They are developing faster and faster.

C.They are replaced by new media.

D.They are controlled by more ownem.

(18)

A.Televisions have got wires.

B.Broadcast television uses public airwaves.

C.Cable television has gained popularity.

D.Television programs are not paid any more.

(19)

A.American people get more news and entertainment than before.

B.There has been a considerable change in American media.

C.Cable television has already taken the place of traditional television.

D.Business has controlled public media in America.

(20)

A.People do not read as much as before.

B.People are tired of the old reading materials.

C.People have more choices in reading.

D.People do not have enough time to read.

(21)

A.Women used to read more than men.

B.Men have a better taste in reading than women.

C.Women read more than before but men don't.

D.Men do not read as much literature as women.

(22)

A.Young adults read more than before.

B.Children read more than adults.

C.Older people read more literature than before.

D.Older people read more than young adults.

(23)

A.They offer a chance for children to make friends.

B.Children from poor families can't join them.

C.Children have to stay outside overnight.

D.Only children'above 6 are allowed to join them.

(24)

A.Children stay there for one day and one night.

B.The time period ranges from 1 week to 8 weeks.

C.The cost is up to 700 dollars totally.

D.4-year-olds are able to attend it.

(25)

A.It earns money from the students.

B.It organizes summer camps.

C.It raises money from common people.

D.It is located in New York State.


3.

听录音,回答下列题

Businesses are structured in different ways to meet different needs.The(26)form of business is called an individual or sole business.The businessman owns all of the property of the business and is(27)everything.For legal purposes, with this kind of business, the owner and the company are thesame.This means the businessman gets to keep all of the profits of the business, but must also(28)Another kind of business is the partnership.Two or more people go into business together.An(29)is usually needed to decide how much of the partnership each person controls.One kind of partnership is called a limited liability (责任) partnership.These have full partners and limited partners.Limited partners may not share as much in the profits, but they also have less responsibility for the business.Doctors, lawyers and(30)often form partnerships to share their risks and profits.A husband and wife can form a business partnership together.Partnerships(31)only for as long as the owners remain alive.The same is true of individual business.But corporations are(32)to have an unlimited lifetime.A corporation is the most complex kind of business organization.Corporations can sell stock as a way to(33)Stock represents shares of ownership in a company.Investors who buy stock can(34)their shares or keep them as long as the company is in business.A company might use some of its(35)to pay dividends (红利) as a reward to shareholders.Or the company might reinvest the money back into the business.

(1)

第(26)题

(2)

第(27)题

(3)

第(28)题

(4)

第(29)题

(5)

第(30)题

(6)

第(31)题

(7)

第(32)题

(8)

第(33)题

(9)

第(34)题

(10)

第(35)题

4.

Questions are based on the following passage. 

In fact, even without humans, the Earth's climate changes.Some climate change is (36)But, as greenhouse gases are added to the atmosphere, human influence "emerges" from natural variability.Droughts, one of the most intensely studied climate events, are a perfect example of a(n)(37)with both natural and human influences.Separating the(38)strengths of the influences is a challenge for scientists.However, with the large social and economic costs of droughts, it is a challenge the scientists must(39)In a very recent study published in the Journal of Climate, authors Richard Seager and Martin Hoerling cleverly used climate models forced by sea surface temperatures to(40)how much of the past century's North American droughts have been caused by ocean temperatures, natural variability and human influences. 

Droughts can be caused by a(n)(41)of separate or interactional phenomena.At its root, drought results from the low(42)of water failing and sometimes higher temperatures (which increase evaporation rates).The beginning of drought can often be linked to variations in ocean temperatures.It is also found that the oceans can affect the atmosphere to create conditions that are(43)responsible for drought.What's more, temperature increases(44)with human-driven global warming also play a role.This(45)agrees with other researchers who have shown that, while humanemitted greenhouse gas warming may not cause a particular drought, it can make drought come on earlier, faster, and harder than it otherwise would. 

A.associated 

B.attached 

C.conclusion 

D.conduct 

E.distinguish 

F.effect 

G.natural 

H.partly 

I.quality 

J.quantity 

K.relative 

L.ridiculous 

M.simply 

N.undertake 

O.variety

(1)

第(36)题选

(2)

第(37)题选

(3)

第(38)题选

(4)

第(39)题选

(5)

第(40)题选

(6)

第(41)题选

(7)

第(42)题选

(8)

第(43)题选

(9)

第(44)题选

(10)

第(45)题选

5.

根据下面资料,回答下列题 

Why the Super-Rich Aren't Leaving Much of Their Fortunes to Their Kids 

A.What do Sting, Bill Gates and Warren Buffett have in common? All three have huge fortunes, and none of them are giving them to their kids.Sting just revealed that most of his $ 300 million wouldnot end up with his six adult children.The musician said that he certainly didn't want to leave themtrust flmds that are obstacles round their necks."They have to work.All my kids know that andthey rarely ask me for anything, which I really respect and appreciate." 

B.Bill and Melinda Gates are giving a reported $10 million for each of their three children: pocketchange compared with their $76 billion.Buffett's three kids each have a $2 billion foundationfunded by Dear Old Dad.The rest of his money goes to charity, just like Gates and several otherbillionaires who have invested their vast fortunes in improving the world.As Buffett famously put it,the perfect amount to leave children is "enough money so that they would feel they could doanything, but not so much that they could do nothing." 

C.All those spoiled rich kids with more money than sense won't make smart choices or live healthy,productive lives if they have unlinu'ted access to the money they inherit.Celebrity chef NigellaLawson has stated she has no intention of leaving a substantial inheritance: "I am determined thatmy children should have no financial security.It ruins people not having to earn money." 

D.Wealthy families have always struggled with this issue.But the same drama is now playing out on asmaller scale for millions of baby boomers (婴儿潮时期出生的人), who hesitate to give away $30trillion over the next 30 years--the largest transfer of wealth in American history.What used to be aprivate family matter has become a public discussion about wealth, privilege and personalresponsibility.Who gets the big money? Should it be the heirs? Or are they better off without it? 

E) "We probably struggled over this more than any other issue," says a local self-made multi-millionaire.The businessman and his wife, worth hundreds of millions, grew up modestly in middle-class families and wanted to create a financial plan that would take care of their children--but notspoil them--if the couple died suddenly."We were fearful of what might happen if they had controlof a large amount of money at a young age," he says."The more we stared at that, the more we became uncomfortable. 

F) Inspired by Buffett's example, they created trusts for each of their now college-age children.Each kid has $ 2.5 million controlled by trustees, who can release money only for education, health care, a home purchase or a business start-up.Any unspent money in the trust will continue to be invested and grow.Those restrictions remain in place until each child reaches age 40 ; after that, the money is all theirs to do as they please.By 40, their parents assume they will be mature enough to use the money wisely or save it as a safety net.The rest of the multimilliondollar family fortune is going to a foundation, which will eventually be managed by the children and can be used only for charity.The kids are aware of the trusts and the planning that went into them."They really are thrilled with it," their father says."They want to be their own persons." A huge inheritance, he believes, can be a lifelong trap for children of rich parents."I didn't want them to look in the mirror and say, 'Who am I?'" 

G) Whether having so much money is good or bad for trust-fund babies depends on how the family has prepared the kids, their personal qualities and how well they handle the pressures of great wealth and the fear of not inheriting.For every party girl like Paris Hilton, there's an Ivanka Trump, who got a business degree from Wharton and has made her family's money and famous name valuable into a prosperous career.Johnson used his inheritance to launch a filmmaking career and to live, all things considered, a relatively normal life in New York."In my case, it turned out to be a great benefit," he says. H) Most parents want to protect their children from the dark excesses of money--drugs, legal troubles, and so on--and preserve the family forttme for future generations.That usually doesn't work out: The first generation makes the money, the second spends the majority of it, and the third drains the rest.Hence the old saying goes like " Shirt sleeves to shirt sleeves in three generations." Traditionally, the wealthy gave all their money to their children and grandchildren, and then hoped for the best.Baby boomers, says consulting finn Accenture managing director Bob Gach, are living longer and struggling to balance their own retirement needs and interests with their children's welfare.Boomers are different from previous generations: more likely to give away money whilethey're still alive, more concerned about their adult children finding and keeping jobs.Excess properties typically go into tax-protected trusts. 

I) There are really good reasons to leave a legacy (遗产) in a thoughtful way--ways that promote the production and healthy lifestyles.Many trusts are structured to distribute inheritances at the specific ages determined in advance.A common practice is to give a third at 25, a third at 30 and the rest at 35.Some inheritances are set up to encourage the heirs to graduate from college, marry or hold a job for a specific amount of years before any money will be released.

J) A lot of people don't like to talk about money because they don't want the kids to know how much they're actually worth or what they might inherit.Although adult children in the United States have no legal rights to their parents' money, it's rare for heirs to get cut off with nothing.But that doesn't mean they get everything.Bill Gates, the world's richest man, won't disclose the exact amount each of his three kids will inherit, but he said they'll get an "unbelievable" education and health care and the reported $10 million, which still puts them firmly in the One Percent--but not even close to their self-made father's billions.For that, they'll have to found their own empire.In terms of their income, they will have to pick a job they like and go to work.

(1)

If rich kids are well cultivated and prepared for the trust fund, it will be beneficial for their future.

(2)

A great many wealthy people tend to keep the amount of their possessions secret from theirchildren.

(3)

Sting felt satisfied that all his children seldom requested anything from him and earned their living bythemselves.

(4)

From rags to riches and back again in three generations.

(5)

How to deal with the big property has turned into a public concern instead of a private issue.

(6)

The inheritance is conunonly given out in portions at a certain age of the heirs decided in advance.

(7)

If an abundant inheritance is at the disposal of spoiled rich children, they won't choose or lead theirlives wisely.

(8)

Baby boomers having longer life spans care both about their retirement requirements and about theirkids' well-being.

(9)

A local businessman from rags to riches and his wife established a detailed plan about theirhundreds of millions of money for their children.

(10)

Several billionaires have donated a large sum of money to malting the world better and better.

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