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2015年12月英语四级考试真题(第三套)

  • 试卷类型:在线模考

    参考人数:124

    试卷总分:255分

    答题时间:130分钟

    上传时间:2016-09-23

试卷简介

本套试卷集合了考试编委会的理论成果。专家们为考生提供了题目的答案,并逐题进行了讲解和分析。每道题在给出答案的同时,也给出了详尽透彻的解析,帮助考生进行知识点的巩固和记忆,让考生知其然,也知其所以然,从而能够把知识灵活自如地运用到实际中去。

试卷预览

1.

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying"Listening is more important than talking." You can cite examples to illustrate theimportance of paying attention to others' opinions.You should write at least 120 words, but no more than 180 words.

(1)

A.Children should be taught to be more careful.

B.Children shouldn't drink so much orange juice.

C.There is no need for the man to make such a fuss.

D.Timmy should learn to do things in the right way.

(2)

A.Fitness training.

B.The new job offer.

C.Computer programming.

D.Directorship of the club.

(3)

A.He needs to buy a new sweater.

B.He has got to save on fuel bills.

C.The fuel price has skyrocketed.

D.The heating system doesn't work.

(4)

A.Committing theft.

B.Taking pictures.

C.Window shopping.

D.Posing for the camera.

(5)

A.She is taking some medicine.

B.She has not seen a doctor yet.

C.She does not trust the man's advice.

D.She has almost recovered from the cough.

(6)

A.Pamela's report is not finished as scheduled.

B.Pamela has a habit of doing things in a hurry.

C.Pamela is not good at writing research papers.

D.Pamela's mistakes could have been avoided.

(7)

A.In the left-luggage office.

B.At the hotel reception.

C.In a hotel room.

D.At an airport.

(8)

A.She was an excellent student at college.

B.She works in the entertainment business.

C.She is fond of telling stories in her speech.

D.She is good at conveying her message.

(9)

A.Arranging the woman's appointment with Mr.Romero.

B.Fixing the time for the designer's latest fashion show.

C.Talking about an important gathering on Tuesday.

D.Preparing for the filming on Monday morning.

(10)

A.Her travel to Japan.

B.The awards ceremony.

C.The proper hairstyle for her new role.

D.When to start the make-up session.

(11)

A.He is Mr.Romero's agent.

B.He is an entertainment journalist.

C.He is the woman's assistant.

D.He is a famous movie star.

(12)

A.Make an appointment for an interview.

B.Send in an application letter.

C.Fill in an application form.

D.Make a brief self-introduction on the phone.

(13)

A.Someone having a college degree in advertising.

B.Someone experienced in business management.

C.Someone ready to take on more responsibilities.

D.Someone willing to work beyond regular hours.

(14)

A.Travel opportunities.

B.Handsome pay.

C.Prospects for promotion.

D.Flexible working hours.

(15)

A.It depends on the working hours.

B.It is about 500 pounds a week.

C.It will be set by the Human Resources.

D.It is to be negotiated.

(16)

A.To give customers a wider range of choices.

B.To make shoppers see as many items as possible.

C.To supply as many varieties of goods as it can.

D.To save space for more profitable products.

(17)

A.On the top shelves.

B.On the bottom shelves.

C.On easily accessible shelves.

D.On clearly marked shelves.

(18)

A.Many of them buy things on impulse.

B.A few of them are fathers with babies.

C.A majority of them are young couples.

D.Over 60% of them make shopping lists.

(19)

A.Sales assistants promoting high margin goods.

B.Sales assistants following customers around.

C.Customers competing for good bargains.

D.Customers losing all sense of time.

(20)

A.Teaching mathematics at a school.

B.Doing research in an institute.

C.Studying for a college degree.

D.Working in a hi-tech company

(21)

A.He studied the designs of various clocks.

B.He did experiments on different materials.

C.He bought an alarm clock with a pig face.

D.He asked different people for their opinions.

(22)

A.Its automatic mechanism.

B.Its manufacturing process.

C.Its way of waking people up.

D.Its funny-looking pig face.

(23)

A.It is often caused by a change of circumstances.

B.It actually doesn't require any special treatment.

C.It usually appears all of a sudden.

D.It generally lasts for several years.

(24)

A.They cannot mix well with others.

B.They irrationally annoy their friends.

C.They depend heavily on family members.

D.They blame others for ignoring their needs.

(25)

A.They lack consistent support from peers.

B.They doubt their own popularity.

C.They were born psychologically weak.

D.They focus too much on themselves.

3.

听音频,回答下列题

There was a time when any personal information that was gathered about us was typed on a piece of paper and(26)in a file cabinet.It could remain there for years and, often(27), never reach the outside world. 

Things have done a complete about-face since then.(28)the change has been the astonishingly(29)development in recent years of the computer.Today, any data that is(30)about us in one place or another--and for one reason or another--can be stored in a computer bank.It can then be easily passed to other computer banks.They are owned by individuals and by private businesses and corporations, lending(31), direct mailing and telemarketing firms, credit bureaus, credit card companies, and(32)at the local, state, and federal level. 

A growing number of Americans are seeing the accumulation and distribution of computerized data as a frightening(33)of their privacy.Surveys show that the number of worried Americans has been steadily growing over the years as the computer becomes increasingly(34), easier to operate, and less costly to purchase and maintain.In 1970, a national survey showed that 37 percent of the people(35)felt their privacy was being invaded.Seven years later, 47 percent expressed the same worry.Arecent survey by a credit bureau revealed that the number of alarmed citizens had shot up to 76 percent.

(1)

第(26)题

(2)

第(27)题

(3)

第(28)题

(4)

第(29)题

(5)

第(30)题

(6)

第(31)题

(7)

第(32)题

(8)

第(33)题

(9)

第(34)题

(10)

第(35)题

4.

Questions are based on the following passage. 

Children do not think the way adults do.For most of the first year of life, if something is out of sight, it's out of mind.If you cover a baby's(36)toy with a piece of cloth, the baby thinks the toyhas disappeared and stops looking for it.A 4-year-old may(37)that a sister has more fruit juicewhen it is only the shapes of the glasses that differ, not the(38)of juice. 

Yet children are smart in their own way.Like good little scientists, children are always testing their child-sized(39)about how things work.When your child throws her spoon on the floor for the sixth time as you try to feed her, and you say, "That's enough! I will not pick up your spoon again!" the child will(40)test your claim.Are you serious? Are you angry? What will happen if she throws the spoon again? She is not doing this to drive you(41); rather, she is learning that her desires and yours can differ, and that sometimes those(42 )are important and sometimes they are not. How and why does children's thinking change? In the 1920s, Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget proposed that children's cognitive (认知的) abilities unfold(43), like the blooming of a flower,almost independent of what else is(44)in their lives.Although many of his specific conclusions havebeen(45)or modified over the years, his ideas inspired thousands of studies by investigators all over the world. 

A.advocate 

B.amount 

C.confirmed 

D.crazy 

E.definite 

F.differences 

G.favorite 

H.happening 

I.Immediately 

J.Naturally 

K.Obtaining 

L.Primarily 

M.Protest 

N.Rejected 

O.Theories

(1)

第(36)题

(2)

第(37)题

(3)

第(38)题

(4)

第(39)题

(5)

第(40)题

(6)

第(41)题

(7)

第(42)题

(8)

第(43)题

(9)

第(44)题

(10)

第(45)题

5.

看资料,回答下列题

The Perfect Essay 

A.Looking back on too many years of education, I can identify one truly impossible teacher.Shecared about me, and my intellectual life, even when I didn't.Her expectations were high--impossibly so.She was an English teacher.She was also my mother. 

B.When good students turn in an essay, they dream of their instructor returning it to them in exactly the same condition, save for a single word added in the margin of the final page : "Flawless." This dream came true for me one afternoon in the ninth grade.Of course, I had heard that genius could show itself at an early age, so I was only slightly taken aback that I had achieved perfection at the tender age of 14.Obviously, I did what any professional writer would do; I hurried off to spread thegood news.I didn't get very far.The first person I told was my mother. 

C.My mother, who is just shy of five feet tall, is normally incredibly soft-spoken, but on the rareoccasion when she got angry, she was terrifying.I am not sure if she was more upset by my hubris(得意忘形) or by the fact that my English teacher had let my ego get so out of hand.In any event,my mother and her red pen showed me how deeply flawed a flawless essay could be.At the time,I am sure she thought she was teaching me about mechanics, transitions (过渡), structure, style and voice.But what I learned, and what stuck with me through my time teaching writing at Harvard, was a deeper lesson about the nature of creative criticism. 

D.First off, it hurts.Genuine criticism, the type that leaves a lasting mark on you as a writer, also leaves an existential imprint (印记) on you as a person.I have heard people say that a writer should never take criticism personally.I say that we should never listen to these people. 

E.Criticism, at its best, is deeply personal, and gets to the heart of why we write the way we do.Theintimate nature of genuine criticism implies something about who is able to give it, namely,someone who knows you well enough to show you how your mental life is getting in the way of good writing.Conveniently, they are also the people who care enough to see you through this painful realization.For me it took the form of my first, and I hope only, encounter with writer'sblock--I was not able to produce anything for three years.

F.Franz Kafka once said: "Writing is utter solitude (独处), the descent into the cold abyss (深渊) of oneself." My mother's criticism had shown me that Kafka is right about the cold abyss, and when you make the introspective (内省的) descent that writing requires you are not always pleased by what you find.But, in the years that followed, her sustained tutoring suggested that Kafka might be wrong about the solitude.I was lucky enough to find a critic and teacher who was willing to make the journey of writing with me."It is a thing of no great difficulty," according to Plutarch, "to raise objections against another man's speech, it is a very easy matter; but to produce a better in its place is a work extremely troublesome." I am sure I wrote essays in the later years of high school without my mother's guidance, but I can't recall them.What I remember, however, is how she took up the "extremely troublesome" work of ongoing criticism. 

G.There are two ways to interpret Plutarch when he suggests that a critic should be able to produce "a better in its place." In a straightforward sense, he could mean that a critic must be more talented than the artist she critiques (评论).My mother was well covered on this count.But perhaps Plutarch is suggesting something slightly different, something a bit closer to Marcus Cicero's claim that one should "criticize by creation, not by finding fault." Genuine criticism creates a precious opening for an author to become better on his own terms--a process that is often extremely painful,but also almost always meaningful. 

H.My mother said she would help me with my writing, but first I had to help myself.For each assignment, I was to write the best essay I could.Real criticism is not meant to find obvious mistakes, so if she found any--the type I could have found on my own--I had to start from scratch.From scratch.Once the essay was "flawless," she would take an evening to walk me through myerrors.That was when true criticism, the type that changed me as a person, began. 

I.She criticized me when I included little-known references and professional jargon (行话).She had no patience for brilliant but irrelevant figures of speech."Writers can't bluff (虚张声势) their way through ignorance." That was news to me--I would need to freed another way to structure my daily existence. 

J.She trimmed back my flowery language, drew lines through my exclamation marks and argued for the value of restraint in expression."John," she almost whispered.I leaned in to hear her:"I can'thear you when you shout at me." So I stopped shouting and bluffing, and slowly my writingimproved. 

K.Somewhere along the way I set aside my hopes of writing that flawless essay.But perhaps I missed something important in my mother's lessons about creativity and perfection.Perhaps the point of writing the flawless essay was not to give up, but to never willingly finish.Whitman repeatedly reworked "Song of Myself' between 1855 and 1891.Repeatedly.We do our absolute best with apiece of writing, and come as close as we can to the ideal.And, for the time being, we settle.Incritique, however, we are forced to depart, to give up the perfection we thought we had achieved for the chance of being even a little bit better.This is the lesson I took from my mother: If perfection were possible, it would not be motivating.

(1)

The author was advised against the improper use of figures of speech.

(2)

The author's mother taught him a valuable lesson by pointing out lots of flaws in his seemingly perfect essay.

(3)

A writer should polish his writing repeatedly so as to get closer to perfection.

(4)

Writers may experience periods of time in their life when they just can't produce anything.

(5)

The author was not much surprised when his school teacher marked his essay as "flawless".

(6)

Criticizing someone's speech is said to be easier than coming up with a better one.

(7)

The author looks upon his mother as his most demanding and caring instructor.

(8)

The criticism the author received from his mother changed him as a person.

(9)

The author gradually improved his writing by avoiding fancy language.

(10)

Constructive criticism gives an author a good start to improve his writing.

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