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2016年6月英语四级临考预测试卷(二)

  • 试卷类型:在线模考

    参考人数:101

    试卷总分:255分

    答题时间:125分钟

    上传时间:2016-10-24

试卷简介

本套试卷集合了考试编委会的理论成果。专家们为考生提供了题目的答案,并逐题进行了讲解和分析。每道题在给出答案的同时,也给出了详尽透彻的解析,帮助考生进行知识点的巩固和记忆,让考生知其然,也知其所以然,从而能够把知识灵活自如地运用到实际中去。

试卷预览

1.

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay based on the picture below.You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then comment on theinheritance of traditions in modern life.You should write at least 120 words but no morethan 180 words.

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(1)

A.Take a long road trip by car.

B.Check the condition of the car.

C.Teach the woman how to drive a car.

D.Recommend a car to the woman.

(2)

A.Interesting buildings.

B.History of engineering.

C.A book about buildings.

D.The purpose of writing a book.

(3)

A.She has been waiting for a long time.

B.There is something wrong with her phone.

C.The man hasn't got a cell phone.

D.She wasn't able to contact the man.

(4)

A.The man has to talk with the couple.

B.The woman is a friend of the couple's.

C.The woman is the owner of the apartment.

D.The man wants to rent the apartment.

(5)

A.It is more special than others.

B.It is cheaper than usual.

C.It is 80% of the regular price.

D.It is on sale only for today.

(6)

A.Weigh the package.

B.Buy some postcards.

C.Buy some stamps.

D.Check the package.

(7)

A.They are eating too much.

B.They spend a lot on entertainment.

C.They should cook at home.

D.They need more entertainment.

(8)

A.He won't eat dinner tonight.

B.He wants to make a pizza.

C.He is too hungry to cook.

D.He wants to save some time.

(9)

A.They sometimes look similar to each other.

B.They look like twin sisters.

C.They don't look like each other.

D.They have the same expressions.

(10)

A.The woman gets birthday gifts from her sister every year.

B.The woman often writes to her sister.

C.The woman received a letter on her last birthday.

D.The woman receives birthday gifts in normal days.

(11)

A.The woman is one year older than her sister.

B.The woman sometimes fights with her sister.

C.The woman always meets her sister's requirements.

D.The woman meets her sister once a month.

(12)

A.He got the job at the age of 16.

B.He did some cleaning in a shop.

C.He worked for 10 hours a week.

D.He used to work on weekends.

(13)

A.By car.

B.By bike.

C.By bus.

D.On foot.

(14)

A.The man was always feeling depressed.

B.The man had little money left after work.

C.The man spent more than he earned.

D.The man earned a lot from his fast job.

(15)

A.He had to finish schoolwork.

B.He was tired of changing jobs.

C.He lived far away from the new shop.

D.He wasn't happy with the pay.

(16)

A.It defines who they are.

B.It makes their life colorful.

C.It's a process of learning.

D.It makes them confident.

(17)

A.They are tired of working hard.

B.They hate and fear obstacles.

C.They are afraid of plague.

D.They want to save more time.

(18)

A.It is something that they can control.

B.They know the situation well enough.

C.They are always very powerful.

D.They hate to be regarded as lazy.

(19)

A.They admire them.

B.They feel happy for them.

C.They feel inferior to them.

D.They feel jealous and threatened.

(20)

A.Stop feeling depressed from parenting.

B.Avoid the fear-based parenting.

C.Pay more attention to children.

D.Increase happiness in the family.

(21)

A.Getting to know more about them.

B.Improving their verbal ability.

C.Malting them willing to communicate.

D.Giving them a sense of being admired.

(22)

A.Be a model in front of them.

B.Read a book to them.

C.Tell them what is right.

D.Punish them when they are wrong.

(23)

A.Too much schoolwork and social work.

B.A lot of new information to know.

C.Too many professors' names to remember.

D.Starting to live in a strange environment.

(24)

A.Other freshmen.

B.Parents and relatives.

C.Senior students.

D.Old friends.

(25)

A.Mostly for studies.

B.Both for studies and for fun.

C.Mainly for social work.

D.Both for studies and for work.

3.

听录音,回答下列题

If you want to live a passionate life of freedom, quit your job and start your own business.Escaping the(26)of 9-5 is the only way to experience true freedom.But to be sure your(27)will be successful, ask yourself some questions before you(28)Are you willing to do whatever it takes? To start your own business you have to be willing to do whatever it takes.Sometimes that's not fun: it's(29)and you can't do what you really want to.The willingness to do whatever it takes comes from a deep(30)to your business that all successful entrepreneurs must have. 

Are you(31)adapt your approach often? The only way for a business to fail is to stop adapting.If a product doesn't sell, keep adapting, modifying, changing and(32)it until it does.You might change its color, change its price, change who you sell it to or change its stated purpose.You may need to change the product, change the service or change the product into a service.Keep changing until you get it right.(33)only comes when you stop doing this. 

Are you focused enough to start your own business? Focus worked for Bill Gates and Warren Buffett, so it will probably work pretty well for you.There are only two(34)you put into creating a business: time and money.To successfully start your own business, you have to pour all you have into it.Your business needs as much of your resources as you can(35)give it, so pour it all in.

(1)

第(26)题

(2)

第(27)题

(3)

第(28)题

(4)

第(29)题

(5)

第(30)题

(6)

第(31)题

(7)

第(32)题

(8)

第(33)题

(9)

第(34)题

(10)

第(35)题

4.

Questions are based on the following passage. 

They drive hybrid cars, if they chive at all, shop at local stores, if they shop at all and pay off theircredit cards every month, if they use them at all. 

They may have(36)income, but they live below their means, in a conscious effort to tread(37)on the earth. 

They are a new breed of "generation", Young and Wealthy but Normal, or Yawns. 

The acronym (首字母缩略词) comes from The Sunday Telegraph of London, which noted that an increasing number of rich young Britons are(38)aware, concerned about the environment and given less to(39)than to giving money to charity. 

Yawns sound dull, but they are the new movem and shakers, their(40)big and bold.They are men and women in their 20s, 30s and 40s who want nothing less than to(41)the world and save the planet. Take Sean Blagsvedt, who(42)from Seattle to India in 2004 to help build the local office of Microsoft Research.Moved by young children begging on the streets, Blagsvedt quit Microsoft and(43)two networking sites, babajob, corn and babalffe, com, to link India's vast pool of(44) workers with the people who need labor.The larger goal-to reduce(45) The high-tech world has produced some Yawns, but more and more are appearing in every walk oflife.In fact, Yawns are a subset of a growing global movement of the eco-socially aware. 

A.change 

B.consciously 

C.consuming 

D.crucial 

E.desires 

F.disposable

G.dreams 

H.launched 

I.lightly 

J.moved 

K.overturn 

L.potential 

M.poverty 

N.socially 

0.tracked

(1)

第(36)题选

(2)

第(37)题选

(3)

第(38)题选

(4)

第(39)题选

(5)

第(40)题选

(6)

第(41)题选

(7)

第(42)题选

(8)

第(43)题选

(9)

第(44)题选

(10)

第(45)题选

5.

根据下面资料,回答下列题 

How to Make Your Fridge More Efficient 

A.Modern refrigerators are far more efficient than they used to be, but they still draw a lot of power-often more than any other appliance in your home.If you really want to save money on your energy bill-and limit your environmental impact--you should probably upgrade to a more efficient model.If that's out of the question, there are steps you can take to make your existing machine more utility-friendly.Follow this guide to cut down on your fridge's energy use, and save some money while you're at it. Keep It Stocked 

B.Empty fridge space helps no one.It looks depressing, limits your cooking options, and-perhaps worst of all-makes your fridge work harder to regulate temperature and humidity.The same goes for your freezer.Food and drink hangs on to cold better than air, so the more solids and liquids in your fridge, the less work it has to do to keep temperatures low.The takeaway here is simple: Keep your fridge (and freezer) stocked.If, for whatever reason, you don't have enough food to stock thewhole fridge, just fill some bottles or containers with water and place them throughout the cavity.The same strategy can be used in your freezer.Just be sure to seal your containers tight to preventexcess moisture from escaping into the fridge cavity.If you can, use glass containers--they're betterat retaining cold than plastic.Also, don't store your goods too close to the walls of the fridge, as you need the air to circulate to remove heat. 

Keep It Cool--But Not Too Cool

C.Obviously you want your fridge to be cold (that's the whole point, isn't it?), but you don't want it to be too cold.The lower the temperature setting, the more energy the fridge has to use to maintain that temperature.The same goes for your freezer.An ideal setting is 87℉ for the fridge, and 0℉ for the freezer.Anything higher is risky with regard to food preservation, and anything lower is wasteful and unnecessary.If you have an older model with a simple number dial for a regulator, you can use any old thermometer in a cup of water to monitor the temperature over time.Freezers are especially precise when it comes to temperature regulation.To prevent that dial from going wild--and, in turn, running up your energy bill--make sure there is sufficient air circulation.You'll also want to avoid holding the freezer door open while you decide what to make for dinner.This allows warm kitchen air into the freezer and wastes energy.It also contributes to freezer burn--another freezer- related nuisance. 

Vacuum the Coils 

D.You know those spiraling tubes (螺旋管) at the back of your fridge? Those are condenser (冷凝器) coils.(Newer fridges keep them hidden, but they're still there.) They're where the hot, gaseous refrigerant (气态制冷剂) becomes the cold, liquid refrigerant that absorbs heat in your fridge cavity. 

E) To do this, the condenser coils need proper ventilation.As dust and debris collect on the coils, it inhibits their ability to give off heat.This, in turn, forces the refrigerator to run longer cycles to ensure enough heat is being transferred.Once again, the solution is simple: Keep the condenser coils clean! First--and this is very important-cut off the power of the fridge.Next, simply take a vacuum to the coils, gently removing all the dust and dirt you can.You really only need to do this once a year, so make it count.(If your fridge has hidden coils, make sure to clean the area around the fridge, including underneath.) 

Turn off the Ice Maker 

F) Your fridge may be the biggest energy consumer in your kitchen, but the ice maker is the biggest energy hog in your fridge.According to a 2011 study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, a typical ice maker increases a fridge's overall energy consumption by 12 to 20 percent.More recent ice makers can be a lot more efficient, but still draw additional electricity.If you find you aren't using your ice maker, just turn it off.You'll save a little in the long run.This is due to the motor inside the ice maker that dumps ice into the tray.In most freezers, the device stops making ice when the tray ffils up and triggers a sensing instrument.But this doesn't stop the motor from running--it only stops it from producing ice.To stop the motor, you have to turn off the device itself.Chances are, you bought a fridge with an ice maker because you intend to use it.But if you find that you aren't using it, just turn it off.You'll save a little in the long run, and it's one less thing that can break. 

G) Also, if you have a manually-defrosting fridge, keep an eye on the ice buildup along the walls of the freezer cavity; too much can restrict air flow and force your fridge to work harder.Manufacturers actually recommend defrosting that kind of freezer twice a year.

Seal Foods to Prevent Evaporation 

H) You know those condenser coils we talked about? Well, if you follow them, you'll fred they eventually snake into your fridge and freezer cavities, where they absorb heat and lower the temperature.That process of heat absorption also serves to evaporate humidity.There are a couple of tips here.For one thing, this means you shouldn't store fruits (which require moisture to prevent drying or decaying) in the main cavity.That's what the preservation drawers are for.For another, it means excessive moisture in the fridge forces the machine to work harder to draw it out.To prevent buildup of excess moisture, you should seal leftovers and other moist foods in closed containers.It's a small but important measure if you're serious about maximizing fridge efficiency. 

Let Food Cool 

I) This one should be obvious, but we'll remind you anyway: Don't put hot food into your fridge.While you shouldn't let that pot of chili sit around too long, you can wait a while for it to cool to at least room temp.Why would you do that? Because your fridge goes into overrun when it has to absorb residual heat.It's a far more pressing concern than external factors like dusty coils.Most experts recommend letting hot food cool for no more than two hours before popping it in the fridge.Any longer than that could lead to contamination. 

Position the Fridge Correctly

J) Where you put your fridge can affect how much energy it consumes.It sounds silly, but refrigerators need to breathe, and the closer they are to wails or furniture, the harder it is for heat to escape.Unless you have a specially designed built-in model, you should make sure to leave at least two inches of space around the unit's frame.You should also be waxy of your fridge's distance to heat sources like ovens, stove tops, water heaters, and radiators.The heat that builds up around these appliances stresses the refrigerator and makes it work harder.Even direct sunlight can be taxing.


(1)

37℉ for the fridge and 0℉ for the freezer are the best food-preserving and the most energysavingsettings.

(2)

If your present fridge is not energy-saving or environmentally friendly, here are some tips toincrease its efficiency.

(3)

A common ice maker consumes 12 to 20 percent more of a fridge's overall energy consumption.

(4)

To clean the condenser coils, you should first shut off the power and then vacuum them gently.

(5)

Empty fridge space consumes more energy to adjust temperature and humidity than a stocked one.

(6)

Too much frost on the walls of the freezer cavity blocks ventilation and decreases the efficiency of the fridge.

(7)

Direct sunlight can increase fridges' energy consumption, as well as your bills.

(8)

To prevent moisture evaporation, it's not suggested to put fruits in the preservation drawers ratherthan the main cavity.

(9)

The containers put into the freezer should be sealed tight, in case that moisture gets into the fridgecavity.

(10)

Hot food should be cooled before being stored in the fridge, but no more than two hours in case itcontaminates.

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