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2015年12月英语四级考试真题(第一套)

  • 试卷类型:在线模考

    参考人数:148

    试卷总分:255分

    答题时间:130分钟

    上传时间:2016-09-23

试卷简介

本套试卷集合了考试编委会的理论成果。专家们为考生提供了题目的答案,并逐题进行了讲解和分析。每道题在给出答案的同时,也给出了详尽透彻的解析,帮助考生进行知识点的巩固和记忆,让考生知其然,也知其所以然,从而能够把知识灵活自如地运用到实际中去。

试卷预览

1.

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying"Listening is more important than talking." You can cite examples to illustrate theimportance of paying attention to others' opinions.You should write at least 120 words, but no more than 180 words.

(1)

第(2)题

A.They admire the courage of space explorers.

B.They were going to watch a wonderful movie.

C.They enjoyed the movie on space exploration.

D.They like doing scientific exploration very much.

(2)

第(3)题

A.In a school library.

B.At a gift shop.

C.In the office of a travel agency.

D.At a graduation ceremony.


(3)

第(4)题

A.He used to work in the art gallery.

B.He does not have a good memory.

C.He is not interested in any part-time jobs.

D.He declined a job offer from the art gallery.

(4)

第(5)题

A.He will be unable to attend the birthday party.

B.The woman should have informed him earlier.

C.He will go to the birthday party after the lecture.

D.Susan has been invited to give a lecture tomorrow.

(5)

第(6)题

A.Set a deadline for the staff to meet.

B.Assign more workers to the project.

C.Reward those having made good progress.

D.Encourage the staff to work in small groups.

(6)

第(7)题

A.Where she can leave her car.

B.The rate for parking in Lot C.

C.How far away the parking lot is.

D.The way to the visitor's parking.

(7)

第(8)题

A.He regrets missing the classes.

B.He has benefited from exercise.

C.He plans to take the fitness classes.

D.He is looking forward to a better life.

(8)

第(9)题

A.How to select secretaries.

B.How to raise work efficiency.

C.The responsibilities of secretaries.

D.The secretaries in the man's company.

(9)

第(10)题

A.It is used by more people than English.

B.It is more difficult to learn than English.

C.It will be as commonly used as English.

D.It will eventually become a world language.

(10)

第(11)题

A.Its popularity with the common people.

B.The effect of the Industrial Revolution.

C.The influence of the British Empire.

D.Its loan words from many languages.

(11)

第(12)题

A.It has a growing number of newly coined words.

B.It includes a lot of words from other languages.

C.It is the largest among all languages in the world.

D.It can be easily picked up by overseas travelers.

(12)

第(13)题

A.To place an order.

B.To apply for a job.

C.To return some goods.

D.To make a complaint.

(13)

第(14)题

A.He works on a part-time basis for the company.

B.He has not worked in the sales department for long.

C.He is not familiar with the exact details of the goods.

D.He has become somewhat impatient with the woman.

(14)

第(15)题

A.It is not his responsibility.

B.It will be free for large orders.

C.It depends on a number of factors.

D.It costs£15 more for express delivery.

(15)

第(16)题

A.Make inquiries with some other companies.

B.Report the information to her superior.

C.Pay a visit to the saleswoman in charge.

D.Ring back when she comes to a decision.

(16)

Section B Passage One

第(17)题

A.No one knows for sure when they came into being.

B.No one knows exactly where they were first made.

C.No one knows for what purpose they were invented.

D.No one knows what they will look like in the future.

(17)

第(18)题

A.Measure the speed of wind.

B.Give warnings of danger.

C.Pass on secret messages.

D.Carry ropes across rivers.

(18)

第(19)题

A.To find out the strength of silk for kites.

B.To test the effects of the lightning rod.

C.To prove that lightning is electricity.

D.To protect houses against lightning.

(19)

Passage Two

第(20)题

A.She was born with a talent for languages.

B.She was tainted to be an interpreter.

C.She can speak several languages.

D.She enjoys teaching languages.

(20)

第(21)题

A.They want to learn as many foreign languages as possible.

B.They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.

C.They acquire an immunity to culture shock.

D.They would like to live abroad permanently.

(21)

第(22)题

A.She became an expert in horse racing.

B.She learned to appreciate classical music.

C.She was able to translate for a German sports judge.

D.She got a chance to visit several European countries.

(22)

第(23)题

A.Take part in a cooking competition.

B.Taste the beef and give her comment.

C.Teach vocabulary for food in English.

D.Give cooking lessons on Western food.

(23)

Passage Three

第(24)题

A.He had only a third-grade education.

B.He once threatened to kill his teacher.

C.He often helped his mother do housework.

D.He grew up in a poor single-parent family.

(24)

第(25)题

A.Stupid.

B.Active.

C.Brave.

D.Careless.

(25)

第(26)题

A.Watch educational TV programs only.

B.Write two book reports a week.

C.Help with housework.

D.Keep a diary.

3.

听录音,回答下列问题

When you look up at the night sky, what do you see? There are other(26)bodies out therebesides the moon and stars.One of the most(27)of these is a comet (彗星). 

Comets were formed around the same time the Earth was formed.They are(28)ice and otherfrozen liquids and gases.(29)these "dirty snowballs" begin to orbit the sun, just as the planets do. As a comet gets closer to the sun, some gases in it begin to unfreeze.They(30)dust particlesfrom the comet to form a huge cloud.As the comet gets even nearer to the sun, a solar wind blows thecloud behind the comet, thus forming its tail.The tall and the(31)fuzzy (模糊的) atmospherearound a comet are(32)that can help identify this(33)in the night sky. 

In any given year, about a dozen known comets come close to the sun in their orbits.The averageperson can't see them all, of course.Usually there is only one or two a year bright enough to be seenwith the(34) eye.Comet Hale-Bopp, discovered in 1995, was an unusually bright comet.Its orbitbrought it(35)close to the Earth, within 122 million miles of it.But Hale-Bopp came a long way onits earthly visit.It won't be back for another four thousand years or so.

(1)

第(26)题

(2)

第(27)题

(3)

第(28)题

(4)

第(29)题

(5)

第(30)题

(6)

第(31)题

(7)

第(32)题

(8)

第(33)题

(9)

第(34)题

(10)

第(35)题

4.

Questions are based on the following passage. 

Scholars of the information society are divided over whether social inequality decreases orincreases in an information-based society.However, they generally agree with the idea that inequalityin the information society is(36)different from that of an industrial society.As informationprogresses in society, the cause and structural nature of social inequality changes as well. 

It seems that the information society(37)the quantity of information available to the membersof a society by revolutionizing the ways of using and exchanging information.But such a view is a(38)analysis based on the quantity of information supplied by various forms of the mass media.Adifferent(39)is possible when the actual amount of information(40)by the user is taken intoaccount.In fact, the more information(41)throughout the entire society, the wider the gapbecomes between "information haves" and "information have-mots", leading to digital divide. According to recent studies, digital divide has been caused by three major(42)class, sex, andgeneration.In terms of class, digital divide exists among different types of workers and between theupper and middle classes and the lower class.With(43) to sex, digital divide exists between menand women.The greatest gap, however, is between the Net-generation, (44)with personalcomputers and the Internet, and the older generation,(45)to an industrial society. A.accustomed 

B.acquired 

C.assembly 

D.attribute 

E.champions 

F.elements 

G.expands 

H.familiar 

I.flows 

J.fundamentally 

K.interpretation 

L.passive 

M.regard 

N.respectively 

O.Superficia

(1)

第(36)题选

(2)

第(37)题选

(3)

第(38)题选

(4)

第(39)题选

(5)

第(40)题选

(6)

第(41)题选

(7)

第(42)题选

(8)

第(43)题选

(9)

第(44)题选

(10)

第(45)题选

5.

看材料,回答下列题 

Joy: A Subject Schools Lack Becoming educated should not require giving up pleasure. 

A.When Jonathan Swift proposed, in 1729, that the people of Ireland eat their children, he insisted itwould solve three problems at once : feed the hungry masses, reduce the population during a severedepression, and stimulate the restaurant business.Even as a satire (讽刺), it seems disgusting andshocking in America with its child-centered culture.But actually, the country is closer to hisproposal than you might think. 

B.If you spend much time with educators and policy makers, you'll hear a lot of the following words :"standards,""results,""skills,""self-control,""accountability," and so on.I have visited someof the newer supposedly "effective" schools, where children shout slogans in order to learn selfcontrol or must stand behind their desk when they can't sit still. 

C.A look at what goes on in most classrooms these days makes it abundantly clear that when peoplethink about education, they are not thinking about what it feels like to be a child, or what makeschildhood an important and valuable stage of life in its own right. 

D.I'm a mother of three, a teacher, and a developmental psychologist.So I've watched a lot ofchildren-talking, playing, arguing, eating, studying, and being young.Here's what I've come tounderstand.The thing that sets children apart from adults is not their ignorance, nor their lack ofskills.It's their enormous capacity for joy.Think of a 3-year-old lost in the pleasures of finding outwhat he can and cannot sink in the bathtub, a 5-year-old beside herself with the thrill of putting together strings of nonsensical words with her best friends, or an 11-year-old completely absorbedin a fascinating comic strip.A child's ability to become deeply absorbed in something, and deriveintense pleasure from that absorption, is something adults spend the rest of their lives trying toreturn to. 

E.A friend told me the following story.One day, when he went to get his 7-year-old son from soccerpractice, his kid greeted him with a downcast face and a sad voice.The coach had criticized himfor not focusing on his soccer drills.The little boy walked out of the school with his head andshoulders hanging down.He seemed wrapped in sadness.But just before he reached the car door,he suddenly stopped, crouching (蹲伏) down to peer at something on the sidewalk.His face wentdown lower and lower, and then, with complete joy he called out, "Dad.Come here.This is thestrangest bug I've ever seen.It has, like, a million legs.Look at this.It's amazing." He looked upat his father, his features overflowing with energy and delight."Can't we stay here for just aminute? I want to find out what he does with all those legs.This is the coolest ever." 

F.The traditional view of such moments is that they constitute a charming but irrelevant byproduct ofyouth-something to be pushed aside to make room for more important qualities, like perseverance(坚持不懈), obligation, and practicality.Yet moments like this one are just the kind of intenseabsorption and pleasure adults spend the rest of their lives seeking.Human lives are governed bythe desire to experience joy.Becoming educated should not require giving up joy but rather lead tofinding joy in new kinds of things: reading novels instead of playing with small figures, conductingexperiments instead of sinking cups in the bathtub, and debating serious issues rather than stringingtogether nonsense words, for example.In some cases, schools should help children find new,more grown-up ways of doing the same things that are constant sources of joy: making art, makingfriends, making decisions: 

G. Building on a child's ability to feel joy, rather than pushing it aside, wouldn't be that hard.It wouldjust require a shift in the education world's mindset (思维模式).Instead of trying to get children towork hard, why not focus on getting them to take pleasure in meaningful, productive activity, likemaking things, working with others, exploring ideas, and solving problems? These focuses are not so different from the things in which they delight. 

H. Before you brush this argument aside as rubbish, or think of joy as an unaffordable luxury in anation where there is awful poverty, low academic achievement, and high dropout rates, thinkagain.The more horrible the school circumstances, the more important pleasure is to achieving anyeducational success. 

I.Many of the assignments and rules teachers come up with, often because they are pressured bytheir administrators, treat pleasure and joy as the enemies of competence and responsibility.Theassumption is that children shouldn't chat in the classroom because it hinders hard work; instead,they should learn to delay gratification (快乐) so that they can pursue abstract goals, like going to college. 

J.Not only is this a boring and awful way to treat children, it makes no sense educationally.Decadesof research have shown that in order to acquire skills and real knowledge in school, kids need towant to learn.You can force a child to stay in his or her seat, fill out a worksheet, or practicedivision.But you can't force the child to think carefully, enjoy books, digest complex information,or develop a taste for learning.To make that happen, you have to help the child find pleasure inlearning-to see school as a source of joy. 

K.Adults tend to talk about learning as if it were medicine: unpleasant, but necessary and good foryou.Why not instead think of learning as if it were food--something so valuable to humans thatthey have evolved to experience it as a pleasure ? 

L.Joy should not be trained out of children or left for after-school programs.The more difficult achild's life circumstances, the more important it is for that child to find joy in his or her classroom."Pleasure" is not a dirty word.And it doesn't run counter to the goals of public education.It is, infact, the precondition.

(1)

It will not be difficult to make learning a source of joy if educators change their way of thinking.

(2)

What distinguishes children from adults is their strong ability to derive joy from what they aredoing.

(3)

Children in America are being treated with shocking cruelty.

(4)

It is human nature to seek joy in life.

(5)

Grown-ups are likely to think that learning to children is what medicine is to patients.

(6)

Bad school conditions make it all the more important to turn learning into a joyful experience.

(7)

Adults do not consider children's feelings when it comes to education.

(8)

Administrators seem to believe that only hard work will lead children to their educational goals.

(9)

In the so-called "effective" schools, children are taught self-control under a set of strict rules.

(10)

To make learning effective, educators have to ensure that children want to learn.

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