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2015年6月英语四级考试模拟试卷(一)

  • 试卷类型:在线模考

    参考人数:163

    试卷总分:255分

    答题时间:130分钟

    上传时间:2016-12-14

试卷简介

本套试卷集合了考试编委会的理论成果。专家们为考生提供了题目的答案,并逐题进行了讲解和分析。每道题在给出答案的同时,也给出了详尽透彻的解析,帮助考生进行知识点的巩固和记忆,让考生知其然,也知其所以然,从而能够把知识灵活自如地运用到实际中去。

试卷预览

(1)

A.He will watch the oscars.

B.He will prepare for his exam.

C.He will go to a birthday party.

D.He will go to a concea of his favorite singer.

(2)

A.The womall is the man’s wife.

B.The woman likes girls who are not very slim.

C.The man thinks that the girlis very attractive.

D.The man does not like girls who are very slim.

(3)

A.His wedding dress.

B.His wedding ring.

C.His wedding cake.

D.His wedding flowers.

(4)

A.Themankeeps adog.

B.The man’s new house is with a garden.

C.The man’s new house is very expensive.

D.The man’s new house is much bigger than the old one.


(5)

A.Because she wants to see the pictures in it.

B.Because she wants to know the latest fashions.

C.Because she wants to know how to fix her bedroom.

D.Because she wants to get some ideas about redecorating her bedroom.


(6)

A.He likes shopping online very much.

B.He sometimes buys some cheap things online.

C.He thinks that shopping online is time-consuming.

D.He prefers shopping in a store to shopping online.

(7)

A.He works in a washhouse.

B.He works in a repair company.

C.He works in a decorating company.

D.He works in a cleaning company.

(8)

A.Athome.

B.In abank.

C.In a supermarket.

D.In a clothes store.

(9)

听音频,回答下列问题:

A.Her new refrigerator is very expensive.

B.Her new refrigerator is still not large enough.

C.Her new refrigerator is higher than the old one.

D.Her new refrigerator combines the refrigerator and freezer.

(10)

A.Because she needs more shelves to put dishes on.

B.Because the kitchen call be very neat with more shelves.

C.Because she needs some extra space for spices and ingredients.

D.Because it Can be convenient for her cooking with more shelves.

(11)

A.Asian food.

B.African food.

C.American food.

D.European food.


(12)

听音频,回答下列问题:

A.Send mails.

B.Save money.

C.Buy birthday cards.

D.Send or collect money.

(13)

A.Sweets.

B.Newspapers.

C.Christmas cards.

D.All kinds of magazines.


(14)

A.To collect benefit.

B.To post the parcel.

C.To buy some goods.

D.To change some money.

(15)

A.Because he Can buy sweets there.

B.Because he can read sports newspapers.

C.Because he Can buy stamps for his collection.

D.Because he Can post leRers to his friends there.

(16)

听音频,回答下列问题:

A..English history.

B.Performing Arts.

C.English literature.

D.Business administration.

(17)

A.22.

B.23.

C.24.

D.25.

(18)

A.0ne Day.

B.This is the End.

C.The Perks of Being a Wallflower.

D.Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.

(19)

听音频,回答下列问题:

A.Time and patience.

B.Time and temperature.

C.Patience and the shape of the food.

D.Temperature and the weight of the food.

(20)

A.Fridge.

B.Sunlight.

C.Cold water.

D.Microwave.

(21)

A.Overcooking the meat.

B.Affecting the taste of the meat.

C.Changing the color of the meat.

D.Destroying nutrition of the meat.

(22)

听音频,回答下列问题:

A.It is a brandname.

B.It is a kind ofdevice.

C.n is a kind ofmedicine.

D.It is a place for people to surf the interact.

(23)

A.Help customers select makeup.

B.Help customers learn how to cut hair.

C.Help customers learn how to apply products.

D.Help customers check their results with a virtual mirror.

(24)

A.It is easy to handle.

B.It is big enough to watch movies.

C.It is cheaper than other mobile devices.

D.It offers an immediate anytime-anywhere connection to the Interact.

(25)

A.Tablet is a kind ofmobile device.

B.Tablets are superior business tools in some ways.

C.Tablets reshape how and where the job gets done.

D.Tablets are more convenient than laptops in all the aspects.

3.

根据以下内容,回答问题。 

China’s interest in pharmaceutical R&D is part of a larger global movement where countries like India,Brazil and China have(26)__________increased their production of vaccines and other medical therapeutics.The opportunity to reduce costs and increase access were two of the drivers behind incountry production as(27)__________relying on Western pharmaceutical firms. Investment in biomedicine research and,development is(28) __________and growing:A recent study in The New England Journal of Medicine estimated that China(29)__________$160 billion to biomedical R&D in 2012.And that number is likely to go up:From 2007 to 2012,China increased(30)__________in biomedicine research by about 33 percenl-evay year. 

Civelli,the researcher of the recent study,was amazed by DICP’s labs and equipment.”They have decided to push science at any price,”he says.“They are supposed much beRer than we are.They have machines they say they have to(31)__________afer three years.” 

For China it’s a(32)__________situation:homegrown drugs developed out oflocally sourced plants(33)__________the unique health issues of its people-that can also be sold globally for massive profits. 

Foreign entities see the(34)__________,too.Novartis,for example,has invested over$1 billion in an R&D center in Shanghai;it is one of many Big Pharma companies building in what is fast becoming one of the world’s meccas for drug development.Nonprofits aren’t immune to the siren call of TCM either:The World Health Organization has established nine Collaborating Centers for(35)__________Medicine in China.

(1)

第26题应填__________.

(2)

第27题应填__________.

(3)

第28题应填__________.

(4)

第29题应填__________.

(5)

第30题应填__________.

(6)

第31题应填__________.

(7)

第32题应填__________.

(8)

第33题应填__________.

(9)

第34题应填__________.

(10)

第35题应填__________.

4.

Questions are based on the following passage. 

“THINKING is hard,”(36)__________Daniel Dennet,a professor of philosophy at Tufts University.“Thinking about some problems is so hard that it can make your head ache just thinking about thinking about them.”He has spent hA.f a century pondering some of the knottiest problems around:the nature of meaning,the(37)__________of minds and whether freewill is possible.His latest book,Intuition Pumps(直觉泵)and Other Tools for Thinking,is a precis of those 50 years,distilled into 77(38)__________ and mostly bite-sized chapters. 

“Intuiuon pumps”are what Mr Dennet calls thought experiments that aim to get at the rub of concepts.But the aim of this book is not(39)__________to show how the pumps work,but to(40)__________them to help readers think through some of the most profound conundrums. This pump which Mr Dennet calls a“cascade of homunculi(级联侏儒)”,was(41)__________by the field of artificial Intelligence,An programmer begins by taking a problem a computer is meant to solve and breaking it down into smaller tasks,to be dealt with by particular(42)__________.These,in turn,are(43)__________ of sub.subsystems,and so on.In this way,we are in depth of thinking profound problems. 

Of course,Mr Dennet’s book is not a(44)__________solution to such mind-benders;it is philosophy in action.Like all good philosophy,it works by getting the reader to examine deeply held but(45)__________ beliefs about some of our most fundamental concems,like personal autonomy.It is really not all easy read.

A.consist 

B.actually 

C.nature 

D.concedes 

E.inspired 

F.definable 

G.composed 

H.readable 

I.substance 

J.merely 

K.unspoken 

L.apply 

M.suppose 

N.subsystem 

O.definitive

(1)

第36题应填__________.

(2)

第37题应填__________.

(3)

第38题应填__________.

(4)

第39题应填__________.

(5)

第40题应填__________.

(6)

第41题应填__________.

(7)

第42题应填__________.

(8)

第43题应填__________.

(9)

第44题应填__________.

(10)

第45题应填__________.

5.

根据以下内容,回答{下列各题}。 

Being Objective on Climate Change 

A.Last week,Craig Rucker,a climate-change skeptic and the executive director of a nonprofit organization called the Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow(CFACT),tweeted a quotation supposedly taken from a 1922 edition of the Washington Post:“Within a few years it is predicted due to ice melt the sea will rise&make most coastal cities uninhabitable.”The intent,of course,was to poke fun at current headlines about climate change. 

B.Rucker’s organization is a member ofthe Cooler Heads Coalition,an umbrella organization operated by the Competitive Enterprise Institute,a nonprofit that prides itself on its opposition to environmental ists.Rucker himself is part of a network of bloggers,op-cd writers,and policy-shop executives who argue that climate change is either a hoax or all example of left-wing hysteria.Surfacing old newspaper clips is one of their favorite games.They also make substantive arguments about climate policy,but the sniping may be more effective.There is no stronger rhetorical tool than ridicule. 

C.In this case,Ruckcr’s ridicule seems misplaced.After spending a few minutes poking around online,I was able to find both the Washington Post article and the longer SourCe material that it came from—a weather report issued by the U.S.consul in Bergen,Norway,and sent to the State Department on october 10,1922.The report didn’t say anything about coasts being inundated.This isn’t surprising.Scientists wete smart back then,too,and they knew that melting sea ice wouldn’t appreciably raise sea levels.any more than a melting ice cube raises the level of water in a glass. 

D.Rucker ultimately corrected his tweet once commenters pointed out the misquote.Through Twitter,he informed me that he had taken the line from a Washington Times op—ed by Richard Rahn,a senior fellow at the Cato Institute.When I contacted Rahn’s office.a press representative acknowledged that Rahn had copied the quote from other bloggers and columnists;the fabricated sentence appears in articles at reason.corn and texasgopvote.corn.The fabricated line seems to have been inserted around 2011.but the original article has been circulating online since 2007. 

E. The statement about rising sea levels aside,1 922 really was a strange period in the Svalbard archipelago.the area described by the weather report.The islands lie halfway between Norway and the North Pole,at a latitude that puts them several hundred miles farther north than Barrow,alaska.“The Arctic seems to be warming up.”the report read.In August of that year,a geologist near the island of Spitsbergen sailed as far north as eighty-one degrees.twenty.nine minutes in ice-free water.This was highly unusual.The previous several summers had likewise been warrn.Seal populations had moved farther north,and formerly unseen stretches of coast were now accessible. 

F.What are we to take from this historical evidence?A central tenet for Rucker and his colleagues is mat today’s sea.ice retreat。warming surface temperatures,and similar observations are shortlived anomalies of a kind that often happened in the past—and that overzealous scientists and gullible media are quick to drum up crises where none exist.Favorite examples include numerous newspaper articles from the nineteen.seventies that predicted the advent of a new ice age.In fact.it's possible to find articles from nearly every decade of the past century that seem to imply information about the climate that turned out to be premature or wrong. G.The 1922 article has been quoted repeatedly by Rucker’s comrades-in-arms since its 2007 rebirth in the Washington Times.For nearly that long,scientists have been objecting.Gavin Schmidt,a climate modeler and the deputy director of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies,points out that what was an anomaly in 1922 is now the norm:the waters near Spitsbergen are clear of ice at the end of every summer.More important,long-term temperature and sea-ice records indicate that the dramatic sea-ice retreat in the early nineteen.twenties was short-lived.It also occurred locally around svalbard—the unusual conditions didn’t even encompass the whole Norwegian Sea,let alone the rest of the Arctic. 

H. 0ver the weekend,after retracting his previous tweet,Rucker posted a link to a blog item about a different article.this one a 1932 New York Times story.The eighty-year-old headline reads,“The Next Great Deluge Forecast By Science:Melting Polar Ice Caps to Raise the Level of the Seas and Flood the Continents.”That one sounded juicy,and,indeed,this time the text was correct:that really is what the headline said.Ironically,the lcad researcher cited in the piece was a German scientist named Alfred Wegener,who has sometimes been considered a hero of climate-change deniers for a completely different reason.Wegener is known for proposing the phenomenon of continental drift starting around the First Wbrid War,The idea was ridiculed before gaining acceptance in the nineteen-sixties,once ample evidence had been amassed.Wegener’s lifc story,then,is used to support the idea that the small number of researchers in the field who downplay the risk of anthropogenic climate change will one day prevail. 

I.In reality,the potential for anthropogenic global warming was being discussed earlier than continental drift.and took even longer to gain wide acceptance.The versatile Professor Wegener was a geophysicist and polar researcher who spent much of his career studying meteorology in Greenland,and trying to unlock the secrets of the Earth’s past.His elevated place in the current climate-change debate is abstracted from history. 

J.In any case,it’s not clear that the bloggers linking to the 1932 article read much beyond the headline.Thc article does discuss a collapse of the ice sheets that would raise sea levels by more than a hundred feet—but it says that event lies thirty to forty thousand years in the future.There’s nothing wrong with examining old newspaper articles for clues about climate conditions in the past.Legitimate climate researchers look at historical documents of all kinds.However,a good-faith effort to arrive at the truth would not rely on cherry-picking catchy headlines.It would require considering the context and looking at all the evidence.At the very least.it wouldn’t allow for deliberate distortions.A prediction that the ice caps might melt by the year 42,000 is hardly all example of climate alarmism.

(1)

Unlike melting ice in the glass,the melting sea ice cannot easily raise sea level.

(2)

Rucker maintains that the climate.change is just a terrible fantasy of the left-wing or even a totally distrustful matter.

(3)

It is fair to search for every piece of evidence to approach the truth without distortion.

(4)

As for Rucker,the clear purpose of tweeting this quotation is to laugh at the articles about climate change.

(5)

The various unusual phenomena about climate change are merely non-exist alarms claimed by the scientists and media,would be short-lived.

(6)

The drastic sea-ice melt occurred around Svalbard was only local and limited.

(7)

It is normal for the waters at northern latitude 8 1 degrees,29 minutes to be covered with ice.

(8)

It is embraced that the number of climate-change researchers will be multiplied one day.

(9)

It is ironic for the leading figure of climate-change opponents to quote this piece.

(10)

In reality,the universal information in articles about climate change is eventually proved to be unbelievable.

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